A Cold Fusion LENR Nuclear Explosion Internal Combustion Engine: LENR Patent Granted

I am high lighting this patent, as this is the most unusual LENR patent added to the list so far. It's an Engine! Each piston is an LENR reactor, a chamber. Like a diesel engine compression chamber, it is causing tiny nuclear fusion explosions, driving the pistons. spinning the cam. Way over my head on this one.

Once abandoned and recently revived, it's been granted to Alset Technology LLC.

Code Expl.:+ EUROPEAN PATENT GRANTED
Event date :2012/01/04
Event code :AK
Code Expl.:+ DESIGNATED CONTRACTING STATES:
DESIGNATED COUNTR. :AT BE BG CH CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GB GR HU IE IS IT LI LT LU LV MC MT NL PL PT RO SE SI SK TR
Event date :2012/01/04 Event code :DAX
Code Expl.: EXTENSION OF THE EUROPEAN PATENT TO (DELETED)
Event date :2012/01/13 Event code :REG CH EP

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"Controlled nuclear fusion process"

EP 2026357 B1 - Assignee - Alset Technology LLC - Publication type: Grant

Publication date: Jan 4, 2012 - Priority date: May 11, 2006

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0019] The inventors have surprisingly found that is possible to carry out a process of controlled nuclear fusion of deuterium atoms inside a combustion chamber, comprising the combustion of a gaseous fuel which comprises deuterium atoms in the presence of an oxidation gas and a gaseous catalyst, under at least 10.13 bar (10 atmospheres). Alternatively, the process of controlled nuclear fusion comprises the generation of a plasma from a gaseous fuel which comprises deuterium atoms in the presence of a gaseous catalyst, inside a reactor under at least 0.1 millibar of pressure.

[0020] According to the present invention, the term "controlled nuclear fusion" refers to the process of nuclear fusion which occurs at temperatures below those necessary for the process of thermonuclear fusion. Particularly, according to one embodiment of the present invention, the temperature of the process of controlled nuclear fusion is that one resulting of the combustion process of the gaseous fuel under said conditions of pressure.

[0021] In the context of the present invention, the term "fuel" refers to any material capable to release energy when varying the chemical structure thereof. Therefore, the term is not limited only to substances which release energy when burnt (reacting with oxygen), but, for example, hydrogen and isotopes thereof are also understood to be fuels when used to provide energy in a process of nuclear fusion.

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[0022] According to the present invention, the term "catalyst" has to be understood as a substance (compound or element) capable of accelerating a chemical reaction remaining itself unaltered, i.e. it is not consumed through the reaction. Catalysts do not vary the final energetic balance of the chemical reaction but they only allow setting the equilibrium more or less promptness.

[0023] The catalyst used in the present invention, is a gaseous compound which is a source of carbon, chlorine, nitrogen, phosphorous, oxygen, argon or mixtures thereof.

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[0024] Therefore, according an aspect of the present invention, a process for the production of energy by the controlled nuclear fusion of deuterium atoms is provided characterised in that it comprises the combustion of a gaseous fuel which comprises deuterium atoms in the presence of an oxidation gas and a gaseous catalyst which is a source of carbon, chlorine, nitrogen, sulphur, phosphorous, oxygen, argon or mixtures thereof, under at least 10 atmospheres of positive pressure.

[0052] According to the invention, the combustion engine can have one or more controlled nuclear fusion reactors described above.

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[0053] Once the gases have been introduced in the combustion chamber and a suitable pressure has been applied, the process of combustion is provoked, for example by a spark from a spark-plug which ignites the mixture usually when the piston of the combustion chamber reaches the combustion phase of the combustion cycle.

[0054] A fourth aspect of the present invention provides a vehicle which comprises the internal-combustion engine according to the present invention.

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EXAMPLES

Example 1. Assay of combustion in the presence of a catalyst.

[0056] Bomb calorimeters were used to carry out the experiments, these calorimeters were similar to those used for the determination of the combustion heat of chemical compounds and products, but suitable to tolerate from 30 to 40 atmospheres of pressure and temperatures of 450 °C.

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[0057] A flow of ionised hydrogen and another flow of oxygen were introduced in the bomb calorimeters maintaining a temperature between 450 °C and 600 °C. Under these conditions, the explosive mixture was ignited by an electric spark and the increase of temperature was measured.

[0058] In a succession of consecutive explosions, the temperature of the bomb calorimeters was increased between 10 °C and 20 °C. All the previous facts agree with the "Law of the conservation of the energy".

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[0059] The addition of little amounts of carbon tetrachloride to the explosive mixture resulted in an increase of between 40 °C. and 60 °C of the temperature of the bombs.

[0060] The increase of temperature found is attributed to the process of nuclear fusion occurred between the deuterium atoms, since the amount of catalyst added is so little that the extra energy of the combustion could not explain the increase of temperature.

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Comparative example: Process of nuclear fusion of deuterium in absence of catalyst.

[0061] To perform this experiment, the electrolysis of water was carried out using various combinations of electrodes.

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[0062] Distilled water was placed in an electrolysis cell with stainless steel electrodes for its molecular separation in hydrogen and oxygen, and a little amount of sulphuric acid was added to generate the electrolyte. The energy for the cell was directly supplied from a continuous current source. 5 kg of positive pressure were applied over the mixture of hydrogen and oxygen generated in the electrolytic cell before sending it directly to the internal-combustion engine which comprises the controlled nuclear fusion reactor of the invention. The engine was placed in a tester especially designed to measure the achieved performance. Once the gases were introduced in the combustion chamber of the reactor, a positive pressure between 15 and 20 kg was applied and the combustion was provoked by a spark generated by a spark-plug.

[0063] Energy obtained from each cubic metre of hydrogen used in the combustion was in the equivalent range between 2.7 and 3 kWh.

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Example 2: Process of nuclear fusion of deuterium in the presence of catalyst.

[0064] The experiment of the comparative example was repeated with the same type of water from the same container, but this time one of the electrodes of the electrolytic cell was changed. The cathode stood with a stainless steel electrode and a carbon electrode was used as the anode.

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[0065] Sodium chloride was added to the electrolyte in an amount about 0.2 and 0.5 g/l and then, the electrolysis of the solution was carried out. Thus, the result is the liberation of chemical compounds of carbon and chlorine at the anode, which act as catalysts in the process of controlled nuclear fusion. Again, a positive pressure of 5 kg was applied to the mixture of gases (hydrogen + oxygen + catalysts) produced through the electrolysis, before sending it directly to the internal-combustion engine, placed in the same tester.

[0066] The amount of mixture was exactly the same used in the previous experiment, but this time, the energy obtained from each cubic metre of hydrogen used in the combustion was in the equivalent interval from 8.1 to 9 kWh.

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[0067] Considering that hydrogen have an energetic content between 119.6 MJ/Kg (33.2 kwh/Kg) and 141.6 MJ/Kg (39.3 kwh/Kg) and each cubic metre of hydrogen weights 89.9 g, is concluded that the 3 kwh obtained through the process of combustion of the comparative example, equals to a usual process of combustion of hydrogen, wherein the release of energy is within the acceptable intervals in this type of process.

[0068] The same amount of gas was used in the combustion of example 2 and the combustion of the comparative example, but the released energy was much bigger, which leads to the conclusion that the process of example 2 releases an additional energy contained in the hydrogen flow. This additional energy would come from the fusion of nucleuses of deuterium contained in the mixture of gases used in the combustion, by means of the presence of catalysts contained in the combustion chamber.

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