Consider the skills that each scientist participating in the NASA GRC, PineScie Consulting, Vantage Partners and Global Energy Corporation LENR energy group effort brings to the table (NASA GRC/PineScie/Vantage/GEC LENR). A preponderance are engineers specializing in turbo-machinery or aspects of rocketry for space and aeronautics. This leads one to believe they are primarily involved in applied engineering of LENR energy for Non-Radioactive Nuclear Flight (NRNF).
ed note - This will be added to United States Government LENR Energy 2018 as Chapter 2 -LENR at NASA GRC Advanced Energy Conversion Project
First let’s touch on a quick review of the Global Energy Corporation (chapter 1) and take a look at a NASA PineScie purchase and a recent NASA grant awarded to PineScie Consulting.
Lawrence Forsley joined JWK in 1995. Global Energy Corporation (GEC) was formed from the DOD SPAWAR Pacific JWK LENR research group. Lawrence Forsley and Pamela Boss come from this DOD SPAWAR/JWK LENR group; each now works for GEC. JWK and Global Energy Corporation hold certain licenced rights to SPAWAR patented advanced LENR energy technology, the U.S. government retains control of the application and market entry of this technology. Applied engineering has culminated in the GEC ‘GeNie’ reactor placed in unit with a helium closed-cycle gas turbine electrical generator. This unit is called the GEC ‘Small Modular Generator’ (SMG). The following is from the Global Energy Corporation website: Quote, “GEC is currently negotiating several new SMG construction contracts ranging from 250MWe to 5GWe around the world.” -end quote
PineScie and NASA have two contract items worth reviewing in detail. The first one, a purchase from 2008, is all about electro-magnetic control of plasma charged lunar dust under the influence of streaming solar energetic particles; which becomes a platform for theoretical modeling and construction of LENR energy devices. The second is a grant at the GRC Advanced Energy Conversion project. Experts knowledgable about various LENR theories and well versed in contemporary LENR research may understand how the ‘Scientific Analysis of Solar Wind Plasma Charged Dust on the Moon’ furthers our understanding and control of the nuclear reactive environments of LENR. For others, the fact that NASA views such analysis, modeling and control as essential to the AEC project would seem to prove the point. Further reading strengthens this supposition.
Quote the NASA 2009 PineScie Purchase synopsis - (see paragraphs 2 and 3) “Dr. Pines has recently developed the first lunar specific aspects of solar wind plasma, as well as worked on the fundamentals of dusty plasma transport and control. Dr. Pines has published in the fields of statistical physics, phase transitions, and plasma physics.” & “Dr. Pines has also developed the first micro-macro description of the microphysics of cloud formation - a task uniquely suitable for the conduct of the present technical program of Lunar Dust Mitigation. Since Dr. Pines is the sole developer of the theory that underlies the techniques of statistical description of such micro-macro processes...” end quotes
Quote the NASA 2017 PineScie Award synopsis - Intro: The Advanced Energy Conversion (AEC) project at NASA Glenn Research Center investigates advanced materials concepts for heat production in various materials <redacted>. The AEC project is seeking theoretical and computational support for the project. This procurement aims at conducting performance-based tasks to assist NASA. (see paragraphs 3, 5 & 8) “The services required are used by the AEC researchers in design of advanced energy conversion processes and devices, and assist in collaborations with other Government agencies, including the Department of Defense.” Also “The contractor has successfully developed breakthrough theoretical understanding of key processes involved which are presently guiding the development of experimental work in the AEC project. These models and understanding have been incorporated into multiple patent applications jointly submitted and owned by the Government. The contractor is the lead inventor of these patent applications and is leader in translating these inventions into a viable technology in support of the AEC project.” & “The initial feasibility period of the AEC project has resulted in a new fundamental understanding made by the Contractor of processes critical to NASA’s mission and national security and welfare. The project is now entering a critical accelerated validation and development period, and the continuing support by the Contractor on all theoretical matters related to successfully guiding experiments and device construction is paramount for successful accomplishment of the program objectives as stated by NASA HQ and other Government agencies.” - end quotes
The DOD SPAWAR/JWK LENR energy group and the NASA GRC/PineScie/Vantage LENR energy group now collaborate at NASA GRC on the Advanced Energy Conversion (NASA GRC AEC) project. These groups have been working together since 2015, most likely earlier. They have published two LENR research papers and a LENR energy technology patent. From these three documents is gleaned a working list of the lead researchers, authors and inventors from which the following skill set is compiled.
This compilation is preceded by a presentation of the NASA PineScie purchase and subsequent NASA GRC AEC contract award. The ‘Skill Set of Some Scientists at the NASA GRC AEC Project’ is then followed by ‘Further Reading and Review’ wherein there is information concerning development of the NASA SUGAR Project Phase III, the NEAT testbed at GRC, and LENR aircraft turbo machinery performance.
ED addendum - Monday April 23 - Following ‘Further Reading and Review’ you will find new information regarding a United States Naval Institute / Leidos Corporation essay contest awarding an LENR author second place. You will also see fresh information about recent GEC and NASA GRC contracts, from January 2018, which I have inserted (*) into the appropriate part of the review. Researching and processing information as it comes in and as time allows.
2009 NASA GRC PineScie Purchase
ed note- Note the following article, from SpaceRef, covering a 2009 purchase by NASA GRC of items from PineScie Consulting. http://www.spaceref.com/news/viewsr.html?pid=33098
‘NASA Solicitation: Scientific Analysis of Solar Wind Plasma Charged Dust on the Moon’ ed note: (I numbered the paragraphs)
Status Report From: Glenn Research Center, Posted: Tuesday, December 22, 2009, Synopsis - Dec 18, 2009, Solicitation Number: NNC10321126Q Classification Code: A — Research and Development, NAICS Code: 541712 - Research and Development in the Physical, Engineering, and Life Sciences (except Biotechnology), NASA/Glenn Research Center, 21000 Brookpark Road, Cleveland, OH 44135
1 - NASA/GRC has a requirement for a specialized scientific analysis related to the development of a theory including an estimation of certain properties of Solar Wind Plasma Charged Dust on the Moon. The length of the study is nine months.
2 - NASA/GRC intends to purchase the items from PineSci Consulting and its principal Dr. Vladimir Pines. Dr. Pines has recently developed the first lunar specific aspects of solar wind plasma, as well as worked on the fundamentals of dusty plasma transport and control. Dr. Pines has published in the fields of statistical physics, phase transitions, and plasma physics. Two of his most recent and relevant studies were published in the Journal of Advances in Space Research for the past two years. The analysis required will enable NASA to understand charged dust behavior on the moon, a key issue identified by NASA as potential mission hazard.
3 - Dr. Pines has also developed the first micro-macro description of the microphysics of cloud formation - a task uniquely suitable for the conduct of the present technical program of Lunar Dust Mitigation. Since Dr. Pines is the sole developer of the theory that underlies the techniques of statistical description of such micro-macro processes, he is the only suitable vendor to develop the required set of equations and models for this Lunar Dust Mitigation Project.
4 - The Government does not intend to acquire a commercial item using FAR Part 12. See Note 26.
5 - Interested organizations may submit their capabilities and qualifications to perform the effort in writing to the identified point of contact not later than 4:30 p.m. local time on January 8, 2010. Such capabilities/qualifications will be evaluated solely for the purpose of determining whether or not to conduct this procurement on a competitive basis. A determination by the Government not to compete this proposed effort on a full and open competition basis, based upon responses to this notice, is solely within the discretion of the government.
6 - Oral communications are not acceptable in response to this notice.
7 - All responsible sources may submit an offer which shall be considered by the agency. - end quotes
2017 NASA GRC AEC PineScie Award
FBO DAILY - FEDBIZOPPS ISSUE OF AUGUST 11, 2017 FBO #5740 http://www.fbodaily.com/archive/2017/08-August/11-Aug-2017/FBO-04619872.htm
- Awardee: PINESCI CONSULTING, 596 TREESIDE LN, AVON LAKE, Ohio 44012-2746, United States, Award Date: 7/14/2017, Award Amount: $485,750.00 including options, Award Number: 80GRC017C0021
- Title: Theoretical Support for Advanced Energy Conversion Project (AEC)
- Notice Date 8/9/2017, Notice Type - Award Notice, NAICS 541511 - Custom Computer Programming Services
- Contracting Office: NASA/Glenn Research Center, 21000 Brookpark Road, Cleveland, Ohio, 44135, Solicitation Number: NNC17ZMR016L-80GRC017R0014
- Archive Date: 9/11/2017, FBO.gov Permalink: (https://www.fbo.gov/spg/NASA/GRC/OPDC20220/Awards/80GRC017C0021.html) Record -SN04619872-W 20170811/170809231900-49aa9ce2d9141adac72a3d2145ac6ba3 (fbodaily.com)
Synopsis: (Added: Aug 09, 2017 5:24 pm) ed note: (I numbered the paragraphs)
Intro: The Advanced Energy Conversion (AEC) project at NASA Glenn Research Center investigates advanced materials concepts for heat production in various materials <redacted>. The AEC project is seeking theoretical and computational support for the project. This procurement aims at conducting performance-based tasks to assist NASA.
Period of Performance:
- Base Period: July 10, 2017 - July 9, 2018
- Option Period 1: July 10, 2018 - July 9, 2019
- Option Period 2: July 10, 2019 - July 9, 2020
1 - JOFOC: This document is a justification for other than full and open competition prepared by the NASA Glenn Research Center.
2 - The nature and/or description of the action being approved: This justification provides the rationale for contracting by other than full and open competition for the acquisition of services to conduct theoretical development of advanced theoretical physics models to assist the Advanced Energy Conversion (AEC) project. These services are research and development (R&D) in nature, and are sought from a vendor who provided similar work for the Government under a prior procurement. That work resulted in a highly sensitive and proprietary intellectual property that has been a subject of multiple patent applications filed and jointly owned by the Government.
3 - Description of the supplies or services required, include an estimated value: I recommend that GRC negotiate only with PineSci Consulting for development of highly advanced theoretical models <redacted>. The services required are used by the AEC researchers in design of advanced energy conversion processes and devices, and assist in collaborations with other Government agencies, including the Department of Defense. The services sought are for a base period of one year, with two option years. The total value of this procurement is $480,000.00.
4 - Statutory authority permitting other than full and open competition: 10 U.S.C. 230(c), only one responsible source and no other services will satisfy Agency requirements. FAR 6.302-1, Only One Responsible Source and No Other Supplies or Services Will Satisfy Agency Requirements.
5- A demonstration that the proposed contractor’s unique qualifications or the nature of the acquisition requires use of the authority cited: The contractor has previously provided similar services to the AEC project under a separate procurement to end on 07/09/2017. The contractor is a theoretical and computational physicist with over 40 years of experience in theoretical work of direct relevance to the AEC project <redacted>. The contractor has successfully developed breakthrough theoretical understanding of key processes involved which are presently guiding the development of experimental work in the AEC project. These models and understanding have been incorporated into multiple patent applications jointly submitted and owned by the Government. The contractor is the lead inventor of these patent applications and is leader in translating these inventions into a viable technology in support of the AEC project.
6 - Description of the efforts made to ensure that offers are solicited from as many potential sources as practicable: This procurement was posted for 15 days on FedBizOps. Title of Procurement: Theoretical Support for Advanced Energy Conversion Project
7 - Description of the market survey conducted, and the results, or a statement of the reasons a market survey was not conducted: The most appropriate and informational market survey was provided by the results obtained from a posting of the procurement in the public domain (see FAR Part 10). The synopsis received no responses.
8 - Other facts supporting the use of other than full and open competition: The initial feasibility period of the AEC project has resulted in a new fundamental understanding made by the Contractor of processes critical to NASA’s mission and national security and welfare. The project is now entering a critical accelerated validation and development period, and the continuing support by the Contractor on all theoretical matters related to successfully guiding experiments and device construction is paramount for successful accomplishment of the program objectives as stated by NASA HQ and other Government agencies.
9 - Sources, if any, that expressed an interest in writing in the acquisition: No sources expressed an interest in the acquisition.
10 - The actions, if any, the agency may take to remove or overcome any barriers to competition before any subsequent acquisition for the supplies or services required: None. Due to the proprietary nature of this research, this contract and future contracts relating to it, will be synopsized and posted as a sole source until capability is shown by an outside source.
ed note - The NASA PineScie contract has the following modification.
7/13/17 Supplemental Agreement For Work Within Scope
THE PURPOSE OF MOD 2 IS TO UPDATE THE INVOICING CLAUSE.THEORETICAL PHYSICS SUPPORT FOR ADVANCED ENERGY CONVERSION PROJECT THE ADVANCED ENERGY CONVERSION (AEC) PROJECT AT NASA GLENN RESEARCH CENTER INVESTIGATES ADVANCED MATERIALS CONCEPTS FOR HEAT PRODUCTION IN VARIOUS MATERIALS WHEN STIMULATED USING VARIOUS INPUT PARAMETERS.
IN THIS PROJECT, EXPERIMENTAL HARDWARE WILL BE DESIGNED, ASSEMBLED, FABRICATED, AND TESTED TO DETERMINE THE SOURCE AND AMOUNT OF HEAT PRODUCTION. HEAT PRODUCTION IS NECESSARY FOR LONG DURATION SPACE FLIGHTS IN WHICH SOLAR POWER IS NOT SUFFICIENT TO POWER THE MISSION REQUIREMENTS.
THE AEC PROJECT IS SEEKING THEORETICAL AND COMPUTATIONAL SUPPORT FOR THE PROJECT. THIS PROCUREMENT AIMS AT CONDUCTING PERFORMANCE-BASED TASKS TO ASSIST NASA ACCORDING TO THE TASKS OUTLINED IN THE STATEMENT OF WORK BELOW. MINIMUM PERSONNEL QUALIFICATIONS: 1. PH.D. OR EQUIVALENT IN THEORETICAL PHYSICS, WITH SPECIALIZATION IN QUANTUM MECHANICS, QUANTUM FIELD THEORY, NUCLEAR PHYSICS, PLASMA PHYSICS, AND OTHER THEORETICAL FOUNDATIONS OF THE STANDARD MODEL. 2. FURTHER DEMONSTRATIVE EXPERTISE IN MODEL DEVELOPMENT OF ENERGETIC PROCESSES IN METAL SUBSTRATES, INCLUDING LATTICE SCREENING. 3. PH.D. OR EQUIVALENT IN COMPUTATIONAL/NUMERICAL PHYSICS. 4. DEMONSTRATED EXPERTISE IN HIGH LEVEL MODEL DEVELOPMENT IN AT LEAST MATHEMATICA. 5. U.S. CITIZENSHIP ALLOWING RESEARCHERS TO MEET AT NASA TO DISCUSS FINDINGS AND TO REVIEW EXPERIMENTAL HARDWARE.
2017 NASA GRC AEC LENR Paper
NASA/TM—2017-218963 ‘Experimental Observations of Nuclear Activity in Deuterated Materials Subjected to a Low-Energy Photon Beam’ Contract/Grant/Task Num: NNC14CA16C; NNC12BA01B; NNC13BA10B; WBS 161682.04.01.01.30
- Bruce M. Steinetz and Theresa L. Benyo - Glenn Research Center, Cleveland, Ohio
- Vladimir Pines and Marianna Pines - PineSci Consulting, Avon Lake, Ohio
- Lawrence P. Forsley - JWK Corporation, Annandale, Virginia
- Paul A. Westmeyer - National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Washington DC
- Arnon Chait - Glenn Research Center, Cleveland, Ohio
- Michael D. Becks -Vantage Partners, LLC, Brook Park, Ohio
- Richard E. Martin -Cleveland State University, Cleveland, Ohio
- Robert C. Hendricks - Glenn Research Center, Cleveland, Ohio
- Nicholas Penney - Ohio Aerospace Institute, Brook Park, Ohio
- Annette M. Marsolais and Tracy R. Kamm -Vantage Partners, LLC, Brook Park, Ohio
Acknowledgments: The authors gratefully acknowledge the assistance of many people that supported this effort.
- LINAC Test operators including Brian Jones, Paul Stout, Chris Maloney, Nick Connelly, John Zang, and Mark Worley;
- Operations Management: Jerry Hill, Dave Stringer, Tom Keating, Wes Sallee, and Jeremiah Folds;
- Nuclear Diagnostics and Health Physics support: Karen Novak, Cathy Jensen, Becky Johannsen, Megan Sherman and Dave Lyera;
- Materials analyses: Dr. David Ellis, Dr. Kathy Chuang, Dr. Ivan Locci, and Dan Scheiman;
- Materials loading/ and sample preparation: Mr. Frank Lynch, Dr. Dave Ellis, and Mr. Phillip Smith;
- Dr. Richard Kroeger for his expertise in interpreting gamma end-point energy results;
- Tracy Kamm, and Dave Hervol for database and record support;
- LINAC equipment support: Justin and Mike Summers, Acceletronics;
- Dr. Pamela Mosier- Boss, Amy Rankin, Victoria Leist, and Emily Martin for CR-39 measurement and analysis.
- We are also grateful for Gus Fralick’s comments on the manuscript and Laura Becker’s patient editorial support. https://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/20170002584.pdf
ed side note - Here we can see that the NASA GRC AEC LENR GEC reactor group plan to collaborate with the folks at Jefferson Lab’s Low Energy Recirculator Facility (LERF) in Newport News, Virginia. (see slide 4, Morning Session 1 - 9:30 am) title ‘Low Energy Target Irradiation at LERF’ by Theresa Benyo and Larry Forsley of NASA Glenn Research Center AEC, presented at the Workshop on Science at LERF on March 17, 2017. - end ed note
GRC AEC LENR group at LERF - NASA Document: Pre-Decisional
- Expand the capabilities of the LERF to below 5 MV kinetic energy
- Determine the effect of low (below 3 MV) kinetic energy gamma rays on beryllium and deuterated metals
- Resolve electron screening thresholds in a stationary laboratory center of mass
- Study the gamma/electron irradiation effects on deuterated metals.
- Past research involved accelerated deuteron beams relative to the laboratory frame center of mass.
- Focus of this study explores a stationary laboratory frame center of mass for the deuteron while increasing the electron density and energy to investigate the effect of electron screening.
- In order to cleanly observe the effect, this study proposes to start from below the photo-
2015 NASA GRC AEC LENR Paper
NASA/TM—2015-218491/REV1 ‘Investigation of Deuterium Loaded Materials Subject to X-Ray Exposure’ February 2017 - This Revised Copy, numbered as NASA/TM—2015-218491/REV1, February 2017, supersedes the previous version, NASA/TM—2015-218491, December 2015, in its entirety. https://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/20170002544.pdf
- Theresa L. Benyo, Bruce M. Steinetz, and Robert C. Hendricks - Glenn Research Center, Cleveland, Ohio
- Richard E. Martin - Cleveland State University, Cleveland, Ohio
- Lawrence P. Forsley - JWK Corporation, Annandale, Virginia
- Christopher C. Daniels - The University of Akron, Akron, Ohio
- Arnon Chait - Glenn Research Center, Cleveland, Ohio
- Vladimir Pines and Marianna Pines - PineSci Consulting, Avon Lake, Ohio
- Nicholas Penney - Ohio Aerospace Institute, Brook Park, Ohio
- Tracy R. Kamm and Michael D. Becks - Vantage Partners, LLC, Brook Park, Ohio
Acknowledgments: The authors gratefully acknowledge the assistance of Dr. Kathy Chuang and Mr. Dan Scheiman in performing the infrared spectroscopy of the deuterated polyethylene in measuring C-D to C-H material bond ratios. We also acknowledge Richard Rauser, operator of the microfocus x-ray beam, and Radiation Safety Office personnel, Chris Blasio, and Rod Case, without whose assistance this work would not have been possible. We are also grateful for Gus Fralick’s comments on the manuscript and Laura Becker’s patient editorial support. This work was supported by the Planetary Science Division, Science Mission Directorate. ed note also view this paper as it is listed at the NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS) NASA Terms: DEUTERIUM; EXPOSURE; X RAYS; ENERGY SOURCES; NUCLEAR FUELS; DEEP SPACE; SPACECRAFT POWER SUPPLIES; ALTERNATIVES; NUCLEAR FISSION; FISSILE FUELS; MANNED MARS MISSIONS https://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=20170002544
2016 NASA GRC AEC LENR Patent
‘Methods and apparatus for enhanced nuclear reactions’ US20170263337A1 STATEMENT OF FEDERAL RIGHTS This invention was made with government support under Contract No. NNC14CA16C (ed note: this is the 2017 research paper grant) awarded by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). The Government has certain rights in the invention. Inventors: Vladimir Pines, Marianna Pines, Bruce Steinetz, Arnon Chait, Gustave Fralick, Robert Hendricks, Paul Westmeyer - Current Assignee: NASA Glenn Research Center, Pinesci Consulting - Priority date: 2016-03-09, Application: 2017-09-14 https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2017155520
ed note: This patent citations include two patents “Method and apparatus for generating thermal energy” and “Methods of generating energetic particles using nanotubes and articles thereof” which have a classification: G21B3/00 Low temperature nuclear fusion reactors, e.g. alleged cold fusion reactors.
Patent UPDATE - USPTO Office Action Summary 4/8/18 at:
*From the ed-addendum on Monday April 23: These two contracts, which came in from the folks at LENR Forum, prove the fact that LENR propulsion systems are being built at NASA GRC by members of the Advanced Energy Conversion effort. The paper being presented this June at ICCF21, by Lawrence Forsley of GEC, provides further proof.
NASA contract GEC LENR Reactor for Space Power and Electric Space Drive
Scale-up Build and Test 100 kilowatt to 20 megawatt thermal
+ Umbrella Agreement - January 2018
Quote - The initial goal is to develop and run a self-sustaining 10 kW thermal, 2 kW electric, hybrid generator for planetary space missions and planetary surface power. Such generator technology would be scalable to 100 kW at the Plum Book Facility. Larger generator designs would be built and run at appropriate offsite location. - end quote :https://www.nasa.gov/saa/domestic/24838_SAA3-1529.pdf
+ Annex to the Umbrella Agreement https://www.nasa.gov/saa/domestic/24839_SAA3-1529-1.pdf
+ GEC presentation of the NASA GRC LENR reactor contract (ICCF21 abstracts)
‘Space Application of a Hybrid Fusion-Fission Reactor’ Lawrence P. Forsley, Pamela A. Mosier-Boss Global Energy Corporation, USA Email: Lawrence.firstname.lastname@example.org
JWK Corporation and Global Energy Corporation have spent the past two decades understanding and developing Condensed Matter Nuclear Reactions with the US Navy and NASA. This has resulted in a US Patent, 8,419,919 “System and Method Generating Particles”, that has been replicated and published in over 50 peer-reviewed papers. We have observed energetic particles during Pd/D co-deposition [1, 2] including ≥ 1.8 MeV protons (with 15 MeV protons), ≥ 7 MeV alphas, and 2.5 MeV and 14.1 MeV neutrons . These neutrons are energetic enough to fission uranium as was reported in 2016  with an average energy > 6 MeV.
Deep space missions are dependent upon 238Pu thermoelectric generators (RTG) providing less than 1 kW of electrical power. With the exception of the solar powered Juno probe, every spacecraft destined past Mars has been RTG dependent. Consequently, deep space missions are power deprived for both instrumentation and propulsion. Indeed, human travel beyond the Earth-Moon system requires nuclear electric propulsion if astronauts are to arrive healthy.
Global Energy Corporation (GEC) began developing a non-fissile reactor core suitable for deep-space power. GEC has a second Space Act Agreement with NASA Glenn Research Center to develop a launch-compatible design, operating at the Plum Brook Station facility. Plum Brook has vacuum, acoustic and shake table systems to certify space launch capability. Various electrical power needs range from tens of kilowatts for instruments to over 20 megawatts for human space craft electric propulsion and planetary power. - end quotes https://www.dropbox.com/sh/sp71necll4mfv2w/AABLXuUL0v3NrkY7BPYPKDA_a?dl=0&preview=Forsley-Lawrence-1.pdf
Skill Set of Some Scientists at the NASA GRC AEC Project
+ Dr. Hakimzadeh
She is the Senior Technical Advisor to NASA Glenn’s Center Director and the Project Manager of the Advanced Energy Conversion (AEC) project. Prior to this, she was the Chief Technologist and the Deputy Chief Technologist at Glenn Research Center. In these positions she provided technical leadership within Glenn for the planning, management, and evaluation of a comprehensive advanced Center-wide technology development program to meet Glenn’s future mission responsibilities. https://www.linkedin.com/in/roshanak-hakimzadeh-b31604a/
+ Gustave C. Fralick, with NASA, has been active in the field of LENR since 1989.
> title ‘Results of an Attempt to Measure Increased Rates of the Reaction 2D +2D —- 3He + n in a Nonelectrochemical Cold Fusion Experiment’ Authors: Gustave C. Fralick, Arthur J. Decker, and James W. Blue (NASA Lewis Research Center, Cleveland, Ohio) Published: December 1989 https://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/19900008108.pdf
> title Power-point presentation ‘Investigation of Anomalous Heat Observed in Bulk Palladium’ Authors: Gustave C. Fralick (Project Lead), John D. Wrbanek, Susan Y. Wrbanek, Janis M. Niedra (ASRC) and Marc G. Millis (NASA GRC) with David J. Spry, Roger Meredith and Jim Mazor (TFOME/Sierra Lobo) Published: Oct 23, 2009
Some Hypotheses (see slide #5)
“Pet Theories” (i.e., Hypotheses where Proponents already convinced peer reviewed journals)
- Electron Screening armenter & Lamb) 0 2 molecule O’ Sloch
- Band States (Chubb & Chubb)
- Shrunken Hydrogen (Maly, Vavra & Mills)
- Ultra Low Momentum Neutrons (Widom & Larsen)
- Dislocation Loops (Hora & Miley)
- Bose-Einstein Condensates (Kim)
Do any of these encompass all reported observations?
More than one effect may be occurring.
> title Power-point presentation ‘LENR at GRC’ Authors: Gustave C. Fralick, John D. Wrbanek and Susan Y. Wrbanek (NASA GRC) Janis Niedra (ASRC Aerospace Corp., Cleveland, OH, United States) Published: Dec 09, 2011
Slide 16 - Future Tests?: Stirling Laboratory Research Engine (SLRE) at Cleveland State University
- PoC: Dr. Mounir Ibrahim, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Cleveland State University, 2121 Euclid Avenue, SH 231, Cleveland, OH 44115-2214
Slide 17 - LENR Energy to Rotational Power Research Facility
- Research: Theory, Computational Dynamics, Reactor diversity, matrix elements, size, scale, rates, materials , blends, catalysts operational limits, device interfacing, HX, shielding, controls, instrumentation, communications, safety and more... Glenn Research Center
Slide 18 - Future Power Source? Free-Piston Stirling Engine Schematic with D/Pd Energy Source
Slide 19 - Benefits for NASA
Replace 238Pu as power source in deep space missions
- Currently in short supply
- Now depend upon foreign sources
- Perhaps 5 years to supply our own
- No money in new budget to restart domestic production
Replace fission reactors as power source for human habitation missions
- No radioactive waste
- No radioactive material accident hazard on launch
+ Lawrence P.G. Forsley Research Fellow University of Texas at Austin, UT · Nuclear Engineering Teaching Laboratory, Vice President JWK, Chief Scientist Global Energy Corporation. Author of the *2009 November Defense Intelligence Agency LENR report (*see chapter one)
ed side note - Lawrence has 43 papers listed at ResearchGate. It is interesting to note there are are no papers submitted by him for a ten year period, 1992 through 2002. During this time Lawrence collaborated with James Patterson, and purchased a RIFEX kit/research license... Jim was a pioneer claiming the transmutation of actinides to benign elements in a LENR process. These claims are similar to claims made by GEC.
“My Recollections of Jim Patterson” By Lawrence P.G. Forsley (selected quotes)
- I developed a working relationship with Jim Patterson and his company, Clean Energy Technology Inc., in the mid-1990s, before the development of the company’s cold fusion demonstration kit called RIFEX (Reaction In a Film Excited complex).
- Eventually, we licensed a specific technology and, with one of my electrochemist colleagues, began doing experiments in my friend’s laboratory, at my lab in Annandale, Va., and in Jim Patterson’s “garage laboratory,” in Sarasota, Fla.
- I set out a goal for Jim, which he carried out and was even granted the patent on. I chose to not get involved with the patent application, because I didn’t believe his instrumentation reflected what the patent asserted.
- Jim and I continued to kibitz for a couple of years. At ICCF-7 in Vancouver, B.C., in 1997, I presented data from my experiments in which I had used Jim’s beads. However, before that conference, Jim and I had a meeting in Washington, D.C., coinciding with an American Nuclear Society meeting.
- I had concluded, as I would state in my ICCF-7 talk, that I had seen no evidence of LENR-induced isotopic shifts from an analysis of gases, solids or electrolyte using nuclear activation analysis (NAA), high resolution inductively coupled plasma mass spectroscopy (ICP/MS) or x-ray fluorescence (XRF).
- Jim was quite irate when I said this.
- “I didn’t pay you to get those kind of results!” he said.
- “Jim, you didn’t pay me,” I replied. “I paid you for a research license and for those damn beads!”
ed note - Also at ResearchGate, Mr. Forsley has the following archived project. A list of project papers and 211 referenced papers is found at the project archive. A full review of these items is worthwhile.
project title “LENR in the Pd/D System” Goal: We are conducting studies to investigate low energy nuclear reactions (LENR) in the Pd/D system. It is hoped that these studies will provide an understanding of the processes going on inside the deuterated Pd lattice. Project collaborators are: Pamela Ann Boss, *Larry Forsley (*not on researchgate yet), Lawrence Forsley, Melvin Henry Miles, Michael Mckubre, Francis Tanzella, Jianer Bao, F. E. Gordon, Mitchell R. Swartz, and S. Szpak. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Lawrence_Forsley2
Lawrence Forsley at UT Austin - title “Special Section: Low Energy Nuclear Reactions - Condensed matter nuclear reaction products observed in Pd/D co-deposition experiments” by Anand Aadhar and Lawrence Forsley
Pd/D co-deposition has been used by a number of researchers to explore the condensed matter nuclear reactions occurring within the palladium lattice by generating highly loaded layers of lattice over the cathode. Reaction products that have been observed include heat, transmutation, tritium, energetic charged particles and neutrons. The results of these experiments are discussed here. https://utexas.academia.edu/LawrenceForsley/Papers
2014 MIT LENR Colloquium
> “Enhanced Tc Superconductivity and Anomalous Nuclear Emissions in YBCO and Palladium” Lawrence Forsley, JWK International Corp, Annandale, VA, USA Pamela Mosier-Boss, MIT, Cambridge, MA, USA http://coldfusionnow.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/03/SC-LENR.pdf
>“Neutron and Charged Particle Spectroscopy” Larry Forsley March 21, 2014 CF/LANR Colloquium at MIT YouTube Also in PDF format: L.P. Forsley and P.A. Mosier-Boss http://coldfusionnow.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/03/Neutron-and-Charged-Particle-Spectroscopy-upload.pdf
+ Bruce M. Steinetz and Theresa L. Benyo National Aeronautics and Space Administration Glenn Research Center Cleveland, Ohio 44135
ed note - Bruce Steinetz is in the Structures and Materials Division; specializing in seals for turbojets and space applications.
> title ‘Full-Scale System for Quantifying Loads and Leak Rates of Seals for Space Applications’ https://www.researchgate.net/publication/268393485_Full-Scale_System_for_Quantifying_Loads_and_Leak_Rates_of_Seals_for_Space_Applications
ed note - Theresa Benyo is in the Structures and Materials Division; participating in MHD engine design.
> title ‘The Effect of MHD Energy Bypass on Specific Thrust for Supersonic Turbojet Engine’ https://www.researchgate.net/publication/269050864_The_Effect_of_MHD_Energy_Bypass_on_Specific_Thrust_for_Supersonic_Turbojet_Engine
This paper describes the preliminary results of a thermodynamic cycle analysis of a supersonic turbojet engine with a magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) energy bypass system that explores a wide range of MHD enthalpy extraction parameters. Through the analysis described here, it is shown that applying a magnetic field to a flow path in the Mach 2.0 to 3.5 range can increase the specific thrust of the turbojet engine up to as much as 420 N/(kg/s) provided that the magnitude of the magnetic field is in the range of 1-5 Tesla. The MHD energy bypass can also increase the operating Mach number range for a supersonic turbojet engine into the hypersonic flight regime. In this case, the Mach number range is shown to be extended to Mach 7.0.
ed note - Please study this from another NASA LENR energy applied engineering group:
> title ‘MPD Augmentation of a Thermal Air Rocket Utilizing Low Energy Nuclear Reactions’ by Roger Lepsch, NASA Langley Research Center; Matt Fischer, National Institute of Aerospace; Christopher Jones, National Institute of Aerospace; Alan Wilhite, National Institute of Aerospace. Presented at the 53rd AIAA/ASME/ASCE/AHS/ASC Structures, Structural Dynamics and Materials Conference, April 26, 2012 https://arc.aiaa.org/doi/abs/10.2514/6.2012-1351
+ Paul A. Westmeyer National Aeronautics and Space Administration Washington, DC 20546
ed note -Paul Westmeyer has quite a number of patents, these two are with NASA. https://patents.justia.com/inventor/paul-westmeyer
> title ‘System and method for detecting unauthorized device access by comparing multiple independent spatial-time data sets from other devices’
An authentication procedure utilizes multiple independent sources of data to determine whether usage of a device, such as a desktop computer, is authorized. When a comparison indicates an anomaly from the base-line usage data, the system, provides a notice that access of the first device is not authorized. Type: Grant. Date of Patent: August 29, 2017. Assignee: The United States of America, as represented by the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Inventors: Frederick J. Krage, Paul A. Westmeyer, Russell F. Wertenberg, Jack F. Riegel. - end quote
> title ‘Methods and Apparatus for Enhanced Nuclear Reactions’
Nuclear fusion processes with enhanced rates may be realized by providing energetic electrons in an environment containing a suitable fuel gas, a liquid fuel source, a solid fuel source, a plasma fuel source, or any combination thereof. The fuel source may be deuterium, tritium, a combination thereof, or any fuel source capable of creating deeply screened and/or neutral nuclei when exposed to energetic electrons. Under proper conditions, at least some of the deeply screened and/or neutral nuclei fuse with other nuclei. Neutral versions of deuteron and/or triton nuclei may be created by bringing neutrons with certain energy levels (e.g., around 3 MeV, but optionally less or much less than 3 MeV) into interaction with other neutrons, forming neutral versions of deuterons and/or tritons. Such processes may be used for power generation, heat production, nuclear waste remediation, material creation, and/or medical isotope production, for example. - end quote
+ Arnon Chait National Aeronautics and Space Administration Glenn Research Center Cleveland, Ohio 44135 - Senior Scientist GRC AEC Theoretical Developments for Advanced Energetics Materials
ed note - Arnon Chait works on Electrostatic Research at GRC aiming to mitigate Martian dust, also listed as Senior Scientist at GRC AEC.
Arnon Chait/GRC Dust Sensor Narayanan Ramachandran/ MSFC Solar Panel Cleaning Vibration system to clean martian dust from solar panels. https://nasasearch.nasa.gov/search?utf8=%E2%9C%93&affiliate=nasa&query=Arnon+Chait&commit=Search
+ Robert C. Hendricks, National Aeronautics and Space Administration Glenn Research Center, Cleveland, Ohio 4413
ed note - Robert Hendricks specializes in turbo machinery and their seals.
> title ‘Compliant Turbomachine Sealing’ https://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=20110012885
+ Nicholas Penney, Ohio Aerospace Institute, Brook Park, Ohio 44142
ed note - Nicholas Penney specializes in shape memory alloy for turbo machinery and seals.
> title ‘Design and Control of a Proof of Concept Active Jet Engine Intake Using Shape Memory Alloy as Actuators’ http://smsl.egr.uh.edu/sites/smsl/files/files/publications/Scanned_NASA_Report.pdf
+ Richard E. Martin, Cleveland State University, Cleveland, Ohio 44115
ed note - Richard Martin specializes in: “Nondestructive Evaluation, Structural Health Monitoring, Ceramic & Polymer Composites”. http://www.csuohio.edu/engineering/mce/faculty-and-staff-5
Michael D. Becks, Annette M. Marsolais and Tracy R. Kamm of Vantage Partners, LLC - Brook Park, Ohio 44142
ed note - It seems the folks at Vantage are mainly engineers... Applied engineering of new technologies is what they do.
Quote: Vantage Partners, LLC (Vantage) under the sole leadership and management of Vantage Systems, Inc. (the managing and controlling joint venture member) continues an accomplished legacy of providing exceptional technical services to NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC) in Cleveland, OH. Vantage is the premier engineering and technical services provider at NASA GRC. We provide a wide array of multi-disciplinary engineering solutions for aeronautic and space vehicles as well as project management, scheduling, design and configuration management personnel. - end quotes http://www.vantage-partners.net/
ed note: August 23, 2017 Vantage Employees recognized by NASA Invention of the Year Awards
> title ‘Hall Effect Thruster (HET) Life Extension’
NASA Glenn Research Center’s Hall Effect Thruster (HET) Life Extension Invention received Honorable Mention for the NASA Invention of the Year. Invented by Vantage Partners (VPL) employee Dr. Peter Peterson and four of his colleagues, this technology greatly prolongs the operational lifetime of the HET space propulsion engine. The novel design uses magnetic shielding to prevent the ionized xenon plasma that propels the HET from damaging the walls of the ceramic discharge channel where the plasma is accelerated. With this innovation, NASA can take advantage of the energy savings that come from the HET’s solar electric propulsion system (which offers ten times the fuel efficiency of chemical systems) to undertake such ambitious missions as the Journey to Mars. Please refer to the following link for additional information on the HET Life Extension invention: https://technology.grc.nasa.gov/featurestory/ioy-2017
Vladimir Pines and Marianna Pines, PineSci Consulting, Avon Lake, Ohio 44012
+ Vladimir Pines NASA Glenn Research Center, Cleveland Ohio
ed note - Vladimir Pines specializes in plasmas, dusty plasmas, dendrites...
His work is listed in two places at research gate under:
+ Vladimir Pines’s Research (NASA) https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Vladimir_Pines
- Kinetic theory of sheath formation in solar wind plasma
- Charging of dust grains by anisotropic solar wind multi-component plasma
- Interactions of solar wind plasma with dust grains: Effects of strong plasma anisotropy
- Pressure-mediated effects on thermal dendrites
- Stochastic diffusion interactions and coarsening in a system of droplets growing from a supersaturated gas mixture
- Phase transition dynamics of liquid phase precipitation from a supersaturated gas mixture
- Postnucleation droplet growth in supersaturated gas with arbitrary vapor concentration
- Data and Modeling of Dendrites Subject to A Step Change in Pressure (TDSE)
- Dendritic crystal growth dynamics
- The Transient Dendritic Solidification Experiment (TDS)
- Observations of several characteristic transient times in pressure moderated thermal dendrites
- The Transient Dendritic Growth Experiment - Pressure mediated dendritic growth
- Equiaxed dendritic solidification in supercooled melts
- Dynamic scaling in dendritic growth: Significance of the initial nucleus size
- Anomaly in dendritic growth data - Effect of density change upon solidification
- Nonlinear Dynamics and Nucleation Kinetics in Near-Critical Liquids
- Dynamic scaling in dendritic growth
- Thermal diffusion dominated dendritic growth - An analysis of the wall proximity effect
- Solitary wave generation during solidification
- Surface tension anisotropy and cell-like structure formation in free solidification
- Time Dependent Aspects of Solidification Time development of a perturbed-spherical nucleus in a pure supercooled liquid. I. Power-law growth of morphological instabilities
- Time development of a perturbed-spherical nucleus in a pure supercooled liquid. II. Nonlinear development
- TRANSIENT EFFECTS IN DENDRITIC SOLIDIFICATION (1990)
ed note - His recent work at NASA GRC is listed under
+ Vladimir Pines’s Scientific Contributions (2017) https://www.researchgate.net/s…2125545428_Vladimir_Pines
- Article: ‘Experimental Observations of Nuclear Activity in Deuterated Materials Subjected to a Low-Energy Photon Beam’
- Article: ‘Investigation of Deuterium-Loaded Materials Subject to X-Ray Exposure’
+ Marianna Pines
ed note: She is a Program Specialist at National Aeronautics and Space Administration https://www.intelius.com/peopl…von%20Lake-OH/06Y8YSXJF3F
+ Annette M. Marsolais, Vantage Partners LLC.
ed note: Annette Marsolais is an engineer who “specializes in microstructural and compositional characterization of materials as well as surface and near-surface chemical analysis.” She worked at the Swagelok Center for Surface Analysis of Materials as an instructor and demonstrator. http://engineering.case.edu/conference/asaw/instructors_and_demonstrators
As a fully trained user she is permitted independent access to the lab which has this equipment.
Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM)
- - FEI Quanta 3D Environmental Scanning Electron Microscope with Focused Ion Beam and XEDS
- - FEI Nova Nanolab 200 Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscope with Focused Ion Beam, XEDS and EBSD
- - FEI Helios 650 Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscope with Focused Ion Beam with XEDS
Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM)
- - FEI Tecnai F30 300kV Transmission Electron Microscope
- - Bruker Discover D8 with VANTEC-500 solid state detector (2D)
- - Bruker Discover D8 (1D)
- - PHI 680 Scanning Auger Microprobe
- - PHI Versaprobe 5000 X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy/ESCA
- - PHI TRIFT V nanoTOF Time of Flight Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometer (TOF-SIMS)
Atomic Force and Scanning Probe Microscopy/Nanoindentation
- - Agilent G200 Nanoindenter
- - Veeco Dimension 3100 Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM)
- - Olympus FV1000 Laser Scanning Confocal Microscope
- - Keyence Olympus VHX 5000
- - Gatan Ilion+ Ion Polisher
- - Gatan PIPS
- - Fischione Nanomill
Visit SCSAM at http://engineering.case.edu/centers/scsam/
The Swagelok Center for Surface Analysis of Materials is one of Case Western Reserve University’s largest core facilities, providing a variety of instrumentation for the microstructural and compositional characterization of materials as well as surface and near-surface chemical analysis. The Center’s equipment is complemented by a staff of professionals who are available to assist and train academic, research, and commercial users.
Fully trained users are permitted independent access to the lab, while users with particularly difficult samples or those who are unsure how to obtain the best possible data can utilize the services of a staff expert. Some of the routine services offered include guidance with sample preparation, technical assistance to obtain data, and data analysis. Each year more than 250 individual researchers from the academic, non-profit, and commercial sectors utilize the Center. From providing access to equipment that would otherwise not be available to startup companies to training industrial users how to efficiently extract useful information, the Center for Surface Analysis of Materials supports regional economic growth. - end quotes
© 2018 Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106, 216.368.2000
Swagelok Center for Surface Analysis of Materials
10900 Euclid Ave ( White Building 418), 216.368.3868
+ Tracy Kamm, and Dave Hervol are thanked in the ‘Acknowledgments’ for database and record support.
+ Michael Becks, Vantage Partners LLC
ed note: Michael is an engineer who specializes in mechanical system test and analysis. His experience gives the GRC/PineScie/VantagePartners LENR research team intimate access to the world’s largest space environment simulation chamber.
Michael Becks https://www.linkedin.com/in/michael-becks-7b762378
Mansfield, Ohio Area - Mechanical Engineer - Vantage Partners LLC
quote - “While lead engineer on the Cryoshroud Refurbishment Project for the Space Power Facility at NASA Plum Brook Station, my responsibilities included analysis of the Cryofloor Transfer Cart to ensure it was capable of supporting the Orion MPCV. I was also responsible for analyzing the Cryowall Panel Support Structure to ...”
NASA AeroSpace Frontiers, Volume 16, Issue 6, June 2014 https://www.nasa.gov/sites/def…/files/AFJune_2014(2).pdf
- Orion’s First Test Flight (page 2)
- Orion Program Commendation Awards
- Mike Becks - Cyroschroud Refurbishment Team
NASA Michael Becks https://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=20160010440
- NASA Associate Administrators Awards 2014
- ERA Project and ITD Teams, ARC, AFRC, GRC & LaRC Winners
Michael Becks https://www.hq.nasa.gov/office…ards-2015-era-winners.htm
The Cyroshroud at the Plum Brook Space Power Facility (SPF) test chamber.
- Variable geometry
- Can be configured inside the test chamber
- Cryoshroud is 12.80 m wide by 24.38 m long (42 by 80 ft) with a 6.71-m (22-ft) height
- Alternate configuration—12.19-m- (40-ft)diameter cylinder by 12.19 m (40 ft) tall
Ten individual zones with separate temperature control
- Temperatures from ambient to –156.67°C (–250°F)
- Temperature transition of 0.56°C (1°F) per min
Space Power Facility
The Space Power Facility (SPF) houses the world’s largest and most powerful space environment simulation facilities. The Space Simulation Vacuum Chamber is the world’s largest, measuring 30.5 m (100 ft) in diameter by 37.2 m (122 ft) high. The Reverberant Acoustic Test Facility (RATF) is the world’s most powerful spacecraft acoustic test chamber, and the Mechanical Vibration Facility (MVF) is the world’s highest capacity and most powerful spacecraft shaker system. The SPF is located at the NASA’s Plum Brook Station in Sandusky, Ohio. This website provides information on the capabilities of this facility and the supporting infrastructure. The facility is available on a full-cost reimbursable basis to government, universities and the private sector.
On a side - ed note: Vantage Partners participates in NEAT at NASA Plum Brook Station. Perhaps useful for the NASA SUGAR - LENR Phase lll program or the NASA GRC AEC LENR energy end goal.
NASA Electric Aircraft Testbed (NEAT) Overview - EnergyTech 2017 https://www.energytech.org/wp-content/uploads/ET2017Presentations/Track_5/SAAD_-NEAT-Overview-of-X57-Test-uses-of-Single-String-Configuration-23Oct2017.pdf
title ‘Preliminary Testing of EMI and Thermal Effects of X-57 “Maxwell” Traction Bus Wiring Configuration and Material Selection’, X-57 Maxwell [SCEPTOR] Project, Traction Bus Wire, EMI/EMC, Test Report Summary - Testing conducted October 2016, Page 6 power point presentation:
Traction Bus Conductor Evaluation Test Team Members:
- George Saad (GRC/LED0) SCEPTOR Test Representative Electronic Engineer
- Ying C Cha (GRC/LED0) [Vantage Partners, LLC] NASA Electric Aircraft Testbed (NEAT) Facility Test Lead Electrical Engineer
- Harry H Olar (GRC/LSS0) [Vantage Partner, LLC] NEAT Software Engineer
- Mark L Worley (GRC/H000) [Jacobs Technology] Electrician (Technician)
- Support Resource: Michael D Herlacher (GRC/LED0) [Vantage Partner, LLC] Electrical Engineer IV EMI Engineering
NASA Electric Aircraft Testbed (NEAT) Overview - EnergyTech 2016
High fidelity turbo-generation and ducted fan transient emulation,
Establishing baseline power quality and electromagnetic interference levels,
Validating aircraft powertrain modeling tools
Demonstrating single-aisle flight-weight powertrains
Ground test research motors and inverters under flight altitude conditions at full power levels
NASA Technical Reports Server NEAT 2016
> title ‘NASA Electric Aircraft Test Bed (NEAT) Development Plan - Design, Fabrication, Installation’ 2016 NASA Technical Reports Server https://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/20160010440.pdf
NASA Terms: ELECTRIFICATION; ENGINE TESTING LABORATORIES; FLY BY WIRE CONTROL; FULL SCALE TESTS; HYPERSONIC WIND TUNNELS; TEST STANDS; ELECTRIC MOTORS; EVOLUTION (DEVELOPMENT); FABRICATION; FLIGHT SIMULATION; INSTALLING; PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT; RESEARCH FACILITIES Other Descriptors: HYBRID ELECTRIC
As large airline companies compete to reduce emissions, fuel, noise, and maintenance costs, it is expected that more of their aircraft systems will shift from using turbofan propulsion, pneumatic bleed power, and hydraulic actuation, to instead using electrical motor propulsion, generator power, and electrical actuation. This requires new flight-weight and flight-efficient powertrain components, fault tolerant power management, and electromagnetic interference mitigation technologies. Moreover, initial studies indicate some combination of ambient and cryogenic thermal management and relatively high bus voltages when compared to state of practice will be required to achieve a net system benefit. Developing all these powertrain technologies within a realistic aircraft architectural geometry and under realistic operational conditions requires a unique electric aircraft testbed. This report will summarize existing testbed capabilities located in the U.S. and details the development of a unique complementary testbed that industry and government can utilize to further mature electric aircraft technologies. PDF https://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/….nasa.gov/20160010440.pdf
Further Reading and Review
NASA NEAT SUGAR VOLT LENR Aircraft and James Felder at NASA GRC
Nov. 7, 2017 Aviation Renaissance:
> title ‘NASA Advances Concepts for Next-gen Aircraft’
Quote: Some of the key propulsion system advances the NASA Glenn team is pursuing converge in an aircraft concept study called STARC-ABL (single-aisle turboelectric aircraft with an aft [at the rear of the aircraft] boundary-layer propulsor).
The STARC-ABL concept, developed by NASA’s Jim Felder and Jason Welstead, is under consideration as one of NASA’s future X-planes. It looks similar to the proven tube-and-wing aircraft you see every day. But, unlike those aircraft, a significant amount of electrical power, approximately three megawatts, is used for turboelectric propulsion, in addition to the electrical operation of subsystems like flight controls, avionics and de-icing. - end quotes
ed note: Same person... James L. Felder, Propulsion Systems Analysis Branch, NASA Glenn Research Center
> title ‘Conceptual Design of a Single-Aisle Turboelectric Commercial Transport with Fuselage Boundary Layer Ingestion’ http://www.nianet.org/ODM/ODM%20Tuesday%20presentations%20Final/19%20Patterson%20starcabl_scitech2016_shortened_distribution_ODM.pdf
ed note: James Felder also conceptualizes LENR powered flight in the NASA SUGAR program.
2012 NASA/Boeing Publication (applied engineering) NASA Contract NNL08AA16B – NNL11AA00T - title ‘Subsonic Ultra Green Aircraft Research – Phase II N+4 Advanced Concept Development’ https://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/20120009038.pdf
Pg. 24 -Even though we do not know the specific cost of the LENR itself, we assumed a cost of jet fuel at $4/gallon and weight based aircraft cost. We were able to calculate cost per mile for the LENR equipped aircraft compared to a conventional aircraft (Figure 3.2). Looking at the plots, one could select a point where the projected cost per mile is 33% less than a conventionally powered aircraft (Heat engine > 1 HP/lb & LENR > 3.5 HP/lb).
ed note: The NASA Working Group Report makes public this list of organizations and individuals working on the SUGAR advanced concept contract:
- Boeing - Marty Bradley, Christopher Droney, Zachary Hoisington, Timothy Allen, Dwaine Cotes, Yueping Guo, Brian Foist, Blaine Rawdon, Sean Wakayama, Emily Dallara, Ed Kowalski, Joe Wa, Ismail Robbana, Sergey Barmichev, Larry Fink, Mithra Sankrithi, Edward White
- General Electric - Kurt Murrow, Jeff Hammel, Srini Gowda
- Georgia Tech - Michelle Kirby, Hongjun Ran, Teawoo Nam, Jimmy Tai, Chris Perullo
- Vermont Tech - Joe Schetz, Rakesh Kapania
- NASA - Mark Guynn, Erik Olson, Gerald Brown, Larry Leavitt, Richard Wahls, Doug Wells, James Felder, Casey Burley, John Martin
- Federal Aviation Administration - Rhett Jeffries, Christopher Sequiera
ed note: We also have Jim on the 2014 NASA and Cal Tech LENR Presentation
> title ‘Low Energy Nuclear Reaction Aircraft’ NASA Aeronautics Research Mission Directorate (ARMD) 2014 Seedling Technical Seminar, February, 2014. https://nari.arc.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/SeedlingWELLS.pdf
- California Polytechnic State University • Dr. Rob McDonald • Advanced Topics in Aircraft Design course (10wks) • Sponsored Research Project Team
- NASA Glenn Research Center • Jim Felder, Chris Snyder
- NASA Langley Research Center • Bill Fredericks, Roger Lepsch, John Martin, Mark Moore, Doug Wells, Joe Zawodny
See Slide 22 - NASA LENR thermal turbo machinery performance analysis:
Turbomachinery (performance) is constant regardless of how heat is added
ed note: I posit that NEAT at NASA Glenn Research Center is where we will see the SUGAR Volt concept and LENR energy coming together in a Hybrid LENR/Turbo Electric Aircraft powertrain configuration. This patented Boeing LENR turbine is a likely candidate for such a hybrid propulsion system.
2013 Boeing Patent (LENR) ‘Rotational annular airscrew with integrated acoustic arrester’ CA2824290A1 Applicant: The Boeing Company, Matthew D. Moore, Kelly L. Boren - Filing date: Aug 16, 2013 - Publication date: May 12, 2014
The contra-rotating forward coaxial electric motor and the contra-rotating aft coaxial electric motor are coupled to at least one energy source. The contra-rotating forward coaxial electric motor and the contra-rotating aft coaxial electric motor may be directly coupled to the at least one energy source, or through various control and/or power distribution circuits. The energy source may comprise, for example, a system to convert chemical, solar or nuclear energy into electricity within or coupled to a volume bearing structure. The energy source may comprise, for example but without limitation, a battery, a fuel cell, a solar cell, an energy harvesting device, low energy nuclear reactor (LENR), a hybrid propulsion system, or other energy source. https://www.google.com/patents/CA2824290A1
Ed Addendum April 23, 2018
United States Naval Institute / Leidos Corp. Essay Contest
April 2018 Proceedings Magazine - CEO Notes: Come To Our Annual Meeting Vice Admiral Peter H. Daly, U.S. Navy (Ret.)
And the Winners Are
The Naval Institute sponsors a series of essay contests with individuals (CNO), foundations (The Wood Foundation), schools (Naval Postgraduate School), and a host of great companies/corporations.
The Emerging & Disruptive Technologies Essay Contest is cosponsored with the Leidos Corporation. For 2018, we are pleased to announce the following winners:
First Prize: ‘An Ace for All Seasons: As Third Offset Technologies Mature, Aspiring Naval Aviators Need to Be Ready to Lead Autonomous Systems into Battle’ By Lieutenant (j.g.) Mark Jbeily, U.S. Navy
Second Prize: ‘Low Energy Nuclear Reactions: A Potential New Source of Energy to Facilitate Emergent/Disruptive Technologies’ By Michael Ravnitzky
Third Prize: ‘Artificial Intelligence for Distributed Lethality’ By Lieutenant Commander Jacob Wilson, U.S. Navy
These individuals will be recognized by Leidos and the Naval Institute at the Navy League’s Sea-Air-Space luncheon on 10 April at the Gaylord National Convention Center, National Harbor. The first-prize winner will be published in next month’s Proceedings. https://www.usni.org/magazines/proceedings/2018-04/ceo-notes-come-our-annual-meeting
ed note: Take notice of the co-sponsor of this competition.
Quote- Leidos, a spin-off of Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC), is an American defense company headquartered in Reston, Virginia, that provides scientific, engineering, systems integration, and technical services. Leidos works extensively with the United States Department of Defense (4th largest DoD contractor FY2012), the United States Department of Homeland Security, and the United States Intelligence Community, including the NSA, as well as other U.S. government civil agencies and selected commercial markets.
In August 2016, the deal to merge with the entirety of Lockheed Martin’s Information Systems & Global Solutions (IS&GS) business came to a close, more than doubling the size of Leidos and its portfolio, and positioning the company as the global defense industry’s largest enterprise in the federal technical solutions sector. As of December 2017, the company has 32,000 employees. -end quotes
December 7, 2016 Scientific American Guest Blog
> title ‘It’s Not Cold Fusion... But It’s Something - An experiment that earned Stanley Pons and Martin Fleischmann widespread ridicule in 1989 wasn’t necessarily bogus’
Michael J. Ravnitzky - Michael J. Ravnitzky is the developmental editor of the Explorations in Nuclear Research three-book series, Hacking the Atom, Fusion Fiasco and Lost History, published in 2016.
Steven B. Krivit is the author of the Explorations in Nuclear Research three-book series, Hacking the Atom, Fusion Fiasco and Lost History, published in 2016. He was an editor for the American Chemical Society 2008 and 2009 technical reference books on LENR and editor-in-chief for the 2011 Wiley Nuclear Energy Encyclopedia.
Ed note: The header picture of this chapter is from, ‘NASA Study Finds Solar Storms Could Spark Soils at Moon’s Poles’ January 6, 2017, by Bill Steigerwald, NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center
Read more at: