A single LENR reactor provides ample heat to power a microturbine for many applications, the E-Cat being a prime example. Considering the scaleability of both LENR thermal and microturbine technologies, an early union of these industries, serving many applications of torque, is anticipated.
The microturbine industry is fairly new and its market tiny compared to that of large turbine manufacturers. Its customers range from oil industry for off grid production of electricity using flare gas, the growing combined heat and power industry (CHP), the new unmanned aircraft industry (UAV), it also includes auto, marine and many other propulsion applications. In its early years it was considered, by some, to have little potential, with Honeywell exiting the micro-turbine business in 2002, citing cost reductions and ongoing productivity improvement programs, followed by the industry giant, Ingersol Rand, selling its microturbine technology in 2010.
In retrospect, the emergent CHP and UAV industry has caused unanticipated growth for microturbine manufacturing. This growth is sure to be dwarfed by the addition of LENR thermal to their turbine portfolio. An early synergy can be achieved by LENR groups participating at Turbo Tech 2016, also membership in the Microturbines, Turbochargers & Small Turbomachines Committee at the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, along with outreach between leaders of LENR and microturbine industries.
In an analysis of LENR thermal for aircraft turbines, a NASA presentation states, “Turbomachinery (performance) is constant regardless of how heat is added” (see slide 22). Boeing capitalizes on this with a recent LENR turbine patent, Rotational Annular Airscrew with Integrated Acoustic Arrester, quote  “The energy source may comprise, for example but without limitation, a battery, a fuel cell, a solar cell, an energy harvesting device, low energy nuclear reactor (LENR), a hybrid propulsion system, or other energy source.”
LENR Energy Groups
- Martin Fleischmann Memorial Project MFMP
- Italy - Professor Ugo Abundo and Luciano Saporito
- LENR Proof
- LENR Invest
- Hot Cat Replication
3D Printing and Microturbines
Emergent 3D printing technologies ensure cost reduction and increased efficiency in microturbine manufacturing along with further size reduction (scaleability) and subsequent increased applications.
From NASA (slide 11)
• Size and power of AA battery – 0.8 oz, 1.5 V, 700 mA
• Employs MEMS gas turbine
• Convenient modularity, form factor, and applications
• Virtually unlimited life
• Enables micro UAVs
• High waste heat
• Need air supply, ducting, and heat dissipation
“Need Parts ? We Can 3D print Them” Wednesday, February 27, 2013
Infinity Turbine is the first ORC company to print its rotors with 3D printing. We can print your obsolete or hard-to-get metal parts with our technology.
Here is what gas turbine manufacturers are doing:
Quotes from article:
GE Aviation has run a 3D-printed micro jet turbine up to 33,000rpm, marking the first known test of a jet engine built using additive manufacturing.
GE has been among the most aggressive aerospace manufacturers to develop 3D printed parts.
A fuel nozzle disc in the CFM International Leap engine, which GE produces with Snecma, is being produced using a 3D printer. GE subsidiary Avio is also printing the titanium aluminide blade in the low pressure turbine for the GE9X engine, which will power the Boeing 777X.
Last month, GE also announced receiving approval by the Federal Aviation Administration to begin retrofitting a 3D-printed housing for the T25 sensor in the high-pressure compressor of the GE90-94B.
Three points are also noted, following to the conclusion presented:
1) The Boeing LENR powered turbine patent is scaleable, allowing Boeing to become a UAV microturbine manufacturer.
Quote -  “Figure 14B is an illustration of an exemplary enlarged perspective view of the exemplary rotational annular airscrew with integrated conical acoustic arrester that can be used with the UAV of Figure 14A, or with any other aircraft such as a commercial transport aircraft of Figure 15 according to an embodiment of the disclosure.”
2) Airbus Space and Defence has filed an LENR reactor patent, Vorrichtung und Verfahren zur Energieerzeugung (Apparatus and method for power generation)
To provide an environmentally friendly, suitable for the transport sector Wärmeen- energy source that the invention provides a power generation Apparatus (10) for generating heat energy by an exothermic reaction in the form of a LENR by action of a metal grating-assisted hydrogen process, including: a reaction vessel (14) with a reactive LENR material (45) corresponds to the implementation of the exothermic reaction cool reaction chamber (16), a field-generating means (18) for generating a Field in the reaction chamber (16) for activating and / or Maintaining said exothermic reaction...
3) LENR Cars
is developing two technologies to reduce carbon emission: - Waste heat recovery system producing electricity from heat based on Rankine microturbines - Condensed matter hydrogen fuel cell that can consume 4000 times less hydrogen than conventional fuel cells for the same electrical output power thanks to LENR process. LENR Cars is currently focusing on the transportation market with high tech collaborations in motor racing. Rankine microturbines are expected to reduce the fuel consumption of vehicles (cars, trucks and boats) by 15% while being affordable for mass production. On a long term, condensed matter hydrogen fuel cells are expected to be able to power electric vehicles for over 20’000 km per hydrogen charge with a lower cost of ownership compared to fossil fuel vehicles.
The LENR Energy Boon for a Microturbine Industry Boom has already begun.
1. a thing that is helpful or beneficial
Synonyms: blessing, godsend, bonus, plus, benefit, advantage, help, aid, asset; stroke of luck, windfall
Origin: Middle English bon, from Anglo-French, good
First known use: 14th century
Of a business or industry:
1. to experience a sudden rapid growth and expansion
2. to cause a rapid growth or increase of
Synonyms: accelerate, increase, build up, burgeon (also bourgeon), escalate, expand, gain, multiply, mushroom, proliferate, rise, snowball, spread, swell
Origin: Dutch, tree, beam; akin to Old High German boum tree
First known use: 1627
Global Microturbine Systems Market is Expected to Reach USD 440.8 million in 2019 December 11, 2014 Posted by: Alina K John at energyblogs.com
“The key market participants in the industry include Capstone Turbine Corporation, FlexEnergy, Global Microturbine LLC, and NewEnCo. The report provides an overview of these companies followed by their financial revenue, business strategies, and recent developments.”
LENR CARS - Clean energy production solution
LENR Cars is a Swiss based company developing mobile electric generators based on LENR technology to power electric vehicles or provide heat and electric power to regular vehicles.
LENR Cars Chemin des Champs-Courbes 1
phone: +41 21 558 50 61
LENR or Low Energy Nuclear Reaction is a 3rd type of nuclear reaction (along with fission and fusion) based on atomic transmutations that was originally discovered in 1989 by scientists Martin Fleischmann and Stanley Pons. It used to be called “cold fusion” at that time. LENR covers a larger field of experiments and applications than cold fusion, although that may remain the most used name to characterize these reactions. LENR has also been called LANR, Fleischmann/Pons Effect, Anomalous Heat Effect, Quantum Fusion, CECR, LENT.
The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
Promotes the art, science & practice of multidisciplinary engineering and allied sciences around the globe.
”A man with a new idea is a crank until he succeeds.” – Mark Twain
ASME LENR Article
“Cold Fusion 25 Years Later” May 2014 by Michael MacRae, ASME.org
Official ASME Group: Microturbines, Turbochargers & Small Turbomachines Committee Group Participants
IGTI’s Microturbines, Turbochargers & Small Turbomachines Committee promotes information on gas turbines and small turbomachines in propulsion systems.
ASME Turbo Expo 2015
(The ASME Turbo Expo 2016 will be held in Katy Texas, USA)
Now in its 60th year, ASME Turbo Expo is recognized as the must-attend event for turbomachinery professionals. The technical conference has a well-earned reputation for bringing together the best and brightest experts from around the world to share the latest in turbine technology, research, development, and application in the following topic areas: gas turbines, steam turbines, wind turbines, fans & blowers, Rankine cycle, and supercritical CO2. Turbo Expo offers unrivalled networking opportunities with a dedicated and diverse trade show floor. The 3-day exhibition attracts the industry’s leading professionals and key decision makers, whose innovation and expertise are helping to shape the future of the turbomachinery industry and will feature a Student Poster Session.
Microturbines at ASME Turbo Expo 2015
23-6 Microturbines - Heat & Combustion (Technical Session)
23-8 Microturbines - System Optimization (Technical Session)
Session Chair: Raffaele Tuccillo, Università di Napoli
Session Co-Chair: Fabrizio Reale, Istituto Motori CNR
Design of a Small-scale Gas Turbine for a Hybrid Propulsion System/Technical Publication
Feasibility Study on Dehydrogenation of LOHC Using Excess Exhaust Heat from a Hydrogen Fueled Micro Gas Turbine/Technical Publication
Mechanical Design Features of a Small Gas Turbine for Power Generation in Unmanned Aerial Vehicles/Technical Publication
23-9 Microturbines - System Validation (Technical Session)
Session Chair: Jim Kesseli, Arugula Energy LLC / Brayton Energy, LLC
Session Co-Chair: David Wilson, MIT
Employing Micro-Turbine Components in integrated Solar – MGT - ORC Power Plants/Technical Publication
Design and Performance Measurements of a 6 kW High-Speed Micro Gas Turbine Prototype/Technical Publication
Dynamic Simulation of Energy Systems: Comparison of a Physics-Based Against a Time Constant Based Approach Applied to a Microturbine Test Rig/Technical Publication
Field and Laboratory Evaluations of Commercial and Next Generation Alumina-Forming Austenitic Foil for Advanced Recuperators/Technical Publication
Innovative Ram Air Turbine for Airborne Power Generation/Technical Publication
Book “Progress in Gas Turbine Performance”, edited by Ernesto Benini, ISBN 978-953-51-1166-5, Published: June 19, 2013 under CC BY 3.0 license. © The Author(s).
Micro Gas Turbine Engine: A Review
by Marco Antônio Rosa do Nascimento, Lucilene de Oliveira Rodrigues, Eraldo Cruz dos Santos, Eli Eber Batista Gomes, Fagner Luis Goulart Dias, Elkin Iván Gutiérrez Velásques and Rubén Alexis Miranda Carrillo, Federal University of Itajubá – UNIFEI, Brazil
Microturbines are energy generators whose capacity ranges from 15 to 300 kW. Their basic principle comes from open cycle gas turbines, although they present several typical features, such as: variable speed, high speed operation, compact size, simple operability, easy installation, low maintenance, air bearings, low NOX emissions and usually a recuperator (Hamilton, 2001).
Microturbines came into the automotive market between 1950 and 1970. The first microturbines were based on gas turbine designed to be used in generators of missile launching stations, aircraft and bus engines, among other commercial means of transport. The use of this equipment in the energy market increased between 1980 and 1990, when the demand for distributed generating technologies increased as well.
Navigant Research Report
Global Market Analysis and Forecasts for Residential, Commercial, and Industrial Applications
Still an emerging and relatively expensive technology, microturbines are among a diverse class of distributed generation (DG) technologies benefitting from an accelerating shift from centralized generation. Today, microturbines are primarily used for remote power applications in the oil & gas (O&G) industry and combined heat and power (CHP) or combined cooling, heating, and power (CCHP) applications in the commercial, industrial, and residential high-rise markets. The expansion of shale O&G production across North America and other high potential regions like Latin America, Asia Pacific, and Africa increases the addressable market for the technology. Moreover, compatibility with a wide range of opportunity fuels makes microturbines an attractive solution in CHP configurations where grid electricity costs remain high.
Although the global microturbine market has experienced steady historical revenue growth over the past 5 years, reduced O&G development activity in the past year has led to reduced sales for leading manufacturers. The market is expected to bounce back as shale O&G development continues apace, with revenue from annual microturbine installations expected to surpass $1 billion by 2020. North America and Asia Pacific are anticipated to account for the majority of cumulative revenue generated from global microturbine installments between 2015 and 2024. According to Navigant Research, more than 4.0 GW of microturbine capacity is projected to be installed globally on a cumulative basis through 2024.
This Navigant Research report provides an analytical overview of the global microturbine market. The study includes assessments of microturbine applications, market segments, and economics. Global market forecasts for capacity and revenue, segmented by region and size range, extend through 2024. The report also examines the key technologies, components, and fuels related to microturbines and provides profiles of the primary microturbine manufacturers with commercially available products.
Green Car Congress Article (4 May 2015)
Some Microturbine Manufacturers
“How Does a Microturbine Engine Work?” by Curtis Ellzey, May 2014 at engineeringtv.com
Locust Power’s microturbine engines can rotate at speeds in excess of 200,000 RPMs to generate significant power in a very compact space, which makes them ideal for portable power solutions or for use in UAVs. Fred Frigerio, Senior Vice President at Locust Power, explains how their microturbine engines work.
“UAV Turbines, Inc. Announces Program to Lend Engines for Evaluation to Qualified Manufacturers of Group 3 and Group 4 Unmanned Aerial Vehicles”
Miami, FL — UAV Turbines, Inc. (UAVT) has recently demonstrated a new generation of gas turbine engines designed for Group 3 and Group 4 Unmanned Aerial Vehicles, in a range from 30 hp to 150 hp.
“To speed the application of this new technology,” says Peter Bale, Senior Industry Advisor to UAVT, “the company plans to produce fifteen engines in the 50 hp class, and put them in the hands of selected major manufacturers of UAVs. Their feedback will provide specific information necessary to integrate engines with their airframes, and optimize operation.”
The company’s $20 million-plus investment in the program will enable rapid trials of the new systems without the complications of joint development. The engines are to be available for evaluation in about 24 months.
“These turbo-props burn almost any available heavy fuel, rather than aviation gas” says Bale. With a recuperation system that makes them as fuel efficient as the best piston engines, they are light and quiet, able to operate, start and restart, at greatly increased altitudes under Full Authority Digital Engine Control (FADEC). They are significantly more reliable than engines currently in use, increasing mean time between overhaul by an order of magnitude or more over some systems currently in use. The performance of these new engines is already being recognized as game-changing.”
Turbec AB was founded in 1998 and, in 1999-2000, designed its Micro turbine into a robust industrial product suited for stationary applications and series production.
At the same time the system was also integrated into a complete CHP package. The first commercial T100 unit was delivered in September 2000 and commissioned in December of the same year.
Different series of this micro turbine where designed and produced in the following years and Turbec AB became an Italian company, Turbec S.p.A., in 2004.
With over 20 years’ experience and installations in 5 continents, from China and Australia to Finland, from South Africa to Brasil, and two turbine classes, 100 and 600kW, Turbec micro turbines represents one of the best solutions for micro cogeneration. In late 2012 Ansaldo Energia, leader since 160 years in the supply of components and services for the power generation industry with an installed capacity of over 180.000 MW, has acquired the business unit “Turbec”and the relent IP rights. The acquisition will give to Turbec products new strength and higher potential, within the “Renewables and Distributed Energy” division of Ansaldo Energia and under a Quality System at highest levels. The new production plant is at Ansaldo Energia campus in Genova, as well as all engineering, service, development and commercial activities.
Capstone microturbines are used in distributed power generation applications including cogeneration, resource recovery, secure power, and hybrid electric vehicles (HEV). Low-emission, clean-and-green Capstone microturbines are scalable from 30kW to 10MW. The C1000 Power Package, the world’s first megawatt microturbine power system, can be configured into smaller 800kW and 600kW solutions – all within a single ISO-type container. Models are available that operate on: Natural Gas, Propane, Landfill Gas, Digester Gas, Diesel, Aviation, and Kerosene fuels. • Ultra-low emissions • One moving part – minimal maintenance and downtime • Patented air bearing – no lubricating oil or coolant required • 5 and 9 year Factory Protection Plans available • Remote monitoring and diagnostic capabilities • Integrated synchronization and protection • Reliable – tens of millions of run hours and counting.
FlexEnergy is a privately-held, New Hampshire-based manufacturer of the highest quality and most robust small gas turbines available in their class. FlexEnergy’s 250kW and 333kW cogeneration combined heat and power (CHP) gas turbines provide highly reliable, low maintenance, and low emissions electricity and heat to global customers, often in remote areas where the electric grid can be unreliable, expensive, or altogether absent. Developed over the course of two decades by Ingersoll Rand before being acquired by FlexEnergy in 2010, Flex turbine technology features a highly robust synchronous generator for larger gas turbines. Uniquely capable of handling varying or cycling loads in remote oil field power generation, this offers significant advantages in the field and allows for the combustion of a wider range of gases, including flare gas.
OPRA provides gas turbine generating sets for customers world-wide within the oil & gas, industrial, commercial and marine sectors.
OPRA’s 2 MW class OP16 gas turbine is of an industrial, all-radial design which provides robustness, reliability, highest efficiency in class and ultra low emissions. Dual fuel and off-specification fuel options are also available.
Complete gas turbine generating sets are engineered to meet customer specific requirements both for land based and offshore applications.
Single or multiple OP16 units can effectively cover installations from 1.5 to 10 MW electric power demand.
The Game Changer
Gas turbines are the engine of choice in applications where reliability and durability are of primary importance. Turbines are cleaner, smaller, lighter and quieter than comparable reciprocating engines. In a world where low emissions are expected, turbines are simply superior to their reciprocating counterparts.
The ICR350 is a significantly improved version of earlier gas turbines.
Until now, industrial gas turbines have never been sufficiently developed to yield efficiencies higher than about 38%, nor have they ever been built with such a high power-to-weight ratio as the ICR350.
Turbine technology is not new; what is new is a unique arrangement of simple turbomachinery modules with a proprietary ceramic turbine rotor and heat exchangers resulting in high specific power.
The breakthrough allows our engine to achieve thermal efficiencies above 40% today and we expect it will be the first gas turbine to cross the 50% threshold, making its fuel economy and related emissions dramatically better than the best diesel engines of comparable size.
The ICR350 is the first engine to provide the benefits of gas turbines at a power density and cost that will appeal to price sensitive markets.
Our proprietary and patented improvements make ICRTec the market leader in this development area.
Mack Trucks Showcases Wrightspeed’s The Route Powertrain at WasteExpo 2016
LAS VEGAS, June 7, 2016 /PRNewswire/ — WasteExpo 2016 — At this week’s WasteExpo2016, Mack Trucks, one of North America’s largest manufacturers of heavy-duty Class 8 trucks, engines and transmissions, will demonstrate its continued commitment to product excellence by showcasing a highly advanced powertrain innovation, Wrightspeed’s The Route™. Designed as a replacement for conventional piston engine and transmission systems, the award-winning Route is a range-extended electric vehicle powertrain that provides unlimited range and dramatically reduced fuel costs for today’s refuse, delivery and mass transit markets. Wrightspeed counts FedEx, Ratto Group…
Wrightspeed Inc. Awarded as Technology Pioneer by World Economic Forum
World Economic Forum today announced its selection of the world’s 30 most promising Technology Pioneers 2016 at the Annual Meeting of the New Champions in Tianjin, People’s Republic of China Companies were selected for their potential to significantly impact business and society through new technologies and advance the Fourth Industrial Revolution Wrightspeed’s powertrains are completely displacing conventional diesel engine and transmission systems in the most expensive emitters on urban streets today: commercial trucks and mass transit fleets SAN JOSE, Calif. and TIANJIN, China, June 27, 2016 /PRNewswire/ — Today Wrightspeed…
- end addendum
Usually, when we hear the term turbine engine, we think of jets, not trucks. Most advances in vehicle engineering come from the track, but the distinctive whine of Wrightspeed’s Fulcrum engine makes it sound like it came straight from the sky. Wrightspeed designs for functional perfection; each component of every powertrain product is engineered from the ground up to systematically deliver an ideal performance. The Fulcrum engine sets a new standard as Wrightspeed continues to evolve vehicle propulsion.
Wrightspeed’s proprietary high-power battery packs and 200 horsepower electric motors make the Fulcrum’s use in trucks not only the logical application but completely eliminates range anxiety. Instead of powering the wheels, the Fulcrum charges Wrightspeed’s battery pack, as needed, on the road. This architecture is perfectly suited for achieving maximum performance in extremely high-power stop-and-go applications
What’s special about the Fulcrum?
At 250 lbs, the Fulcrum is about 1/10th the weight of an 80kW complete piston-engine generator system with an equivalent 10,000 hour life at full power. Piston-engine generators can be made lighter by making them run at higher speed (think F1 KERS), but then they wear out much faster. Turbines are unbeatable at high power durability.
The Fulcrum is at least 10 times cleaner than piston engines, requiring no exhaust after-treatment to meet emission standards.
The Fulcrum is compact and can accommodate many chassis configurations.
Better Noise Vibration Harshness (NVH): ultra-low vibration makes a smooth, comfortable ride for drivers and a quiet external experience.
The Fulcrum is extremely durable and low maintenance.
The Fulcrum can burn a variety of fuels: diesel, CNG, LNG, landfill gases, bio-diesel, kerosene, propane, heating oil, etc.
The Fulcrum’s two stage compression process and recuperation design make it substantially more efficient than single-stage microturbines.
With the Fulcrum, Wrightspeed’s powertrain products are 100% Wrightspeed IP.
The Fulcrum has many generator applications outside of electric vehicle range-extension.
Here is a book that is sure to become a great classic of early LENR literature. The breadth of topics is impressive. This is a fine example of the application of intelligent imagination; it is inspirational. Written long before Rossi and the E-Cat came along, it falls short by underestimating how quickly we would crack the cold fusion puzzle. Other technological advances have also come into play quicker than estimated such as microturbines, 3D printing, and variable trust/ISP electric space drives suitable for planetary lift off and descent. Yet overall this is a brilliant presentation of the future that cold fusion is bringing us. My hat is off to the old cold fusioneers who put it together. I extend my heartfelt appreciation for the hard work and dedication they have given to “the field of cold fusion science”.
From the book...
“Cold Fusion and the Future”
Jed Rothwell - Published by LENR-CANR.org, December 2004.
Second Edition, February 2005
Third Edition, March 2006
Fourth Edition, April 2007
Edited by Susan Seddon
Cover illustration by Aya Rothwell
This book is not copyright. You are free to give a copy to a friend, but we ask that instead of doing so, you refer other readers to the web site and ask them to download a copy directly. That will allow us to gauge how many people have looked at the book, and the extent of public interest.
Two versions of this document are available.
This one is suitable for viewing on the screen: (6 MB)
If you wish to print a copy, we recommend the high-resolution version: (15 MB)
Table of Contents
Part I: What Is Cold Fusion?
1. A Brief Description of Cold Fusion
2. The Ideal Source of Energy
3. How We Can Make Some Predictions Now
Part II: How Cold Fusion Will Change Society and Technology
4. Ordinary Technology, Everyday Goods and Services
5. Revolutionary Technology
6. Synergy: Cold Fusion Combined With Other Breakthroughs
7. Patterns of Transformation
Part III: Some Technologies That Will Be Changed
8. Desalination Megaproject
9. Global Warming
10. Robot Chickens and Other Prodigies
11. Mischievous Military Gadgets
12. Terror Weapons, And Weapons of Mass Destruction
13. The Oil Industry Has No Future
14. The Electric Power Industry Has No Future
15. At Home with Cold Fusion
16. Population, Pollution, Problems with Land and Agriculture
17. The Future of Automobiles
18. The Future of Aircraft, Spacecraft and Personal Flying Machines
Part IV: The Future
19. Making Things Worse, and What Some Pessimists Fear
21. My Vision of Life In The Distant Future
Appendix A: Glossary
Appendix B: Potential Cold Fusion Applications
Appendix C: Approximate SI (Metric System) Equivalents
The purpose of this book is to show that with cold fusion we can accomplish marvelous things.
This is not a review or history of the field. It is not meant to convince the reader that cold fusion exists. If you doubt that, please read original sources: the scientific papers published in peer reviewed journals and conference proceedings. You will find a bibliography of over 3,500 papers, along with a collection of over 500 full-text papers.