Reviewing twenty five years of U.S. funded ‘cold fusion’ projects including patents, contracts, publications and public/private sector partnership efforts towards LENR energy applied engineering and LENR energy commercialization.

edit 1/30/2018 The government of the United States of America has filed many ‘cold fusion’ patents. These low energy nuclear reaction (LENR) patents take time to develop, often a number of years before filing with a patent office; each being a tedious project unto itself. One patent’s development began with a contract from NSWC, Indian Head Division in 2008, “Deuterium Reactor” US 20130235963 A1, by Pharis Edward Williams. This patent was not filed till 2012, four years later. Also, a delay can occur between the patent filing date and publication date if the patent is deemed a matter of national security. This may be the case with the 2007 SPAWAR patent, System and Method for Generating Particles US8419919B1, with a filing date of Sep. 21, 2007 and publication date of Apr. 16, 2013, a delay of six years. Usually a patent gets published (becomes exposed) within one or two years of the filing date, rarely longer; for a delay of six years there seems to be no other plausible explanation.

U.S. LENR patent development has been funded through the Air Force, NASA, the Navy and many other Department of Defense labs. The government may retain rights to any of these LENR patents and control licensing agreements. Patent licensing may be granted to those who partnered with government labs in the development of LENR technology, as in SPAWAR JWK LENR technology and the Global Energy Corporation. Included with the patents in this review are U.S. Government funded LENR energy applied engineering programs and presentations, along with a few from related company partners.

A chronological review of U.S. funded ‘cold fusion’ projects and patents, accompanied with a list of the individuals, companies, universities and agencies involved may be helpful in understanding the history of, and to determine the direction of, United States of America government funded LENR energy technologies entering the marketplace.

Boeing, General Electric and many others team up with NASA and the Federal Aviation Administration developing LENR aircraft. Both the SpaceWorks contract with NASA and the many University, NASA and Corporate joint LENR aerospace presentations point towards NASA partnering with private industry on spaceplanes and Mars. All of these efforts prepare the way for low energy nuclear reaction (LENR) non-radioactive nuclear flight (NRNF).


The SPAWAR and JWK partnership developed a different form of LENR energy technology. SPAWAR JWK LENR technology transmutes nuclear waste to benign elements while creating high process heat. The SPAWAR JWK LENR tech group is partnered with Global Energy Corporation (GEC). Applied engineering has culminated in the GEC ‘GeNie’ reactor placed in unit with a helium closed-cycle gas turbine electrical generator. This unit is called the GEC ‘Small Modular Generator’ (SMG). Recent commercialization claims are, “GEC is currently negotiating several new SMG construction contracts ranging from 250MWe to 5GWe around the world”. This LENR energy technology leads towards massive electrical power generation and the worldwide cleanup of highly radioactive nuclear waste.

Editor Note: The following is not necessarily part of the review.

You may include it if you want to. 

“I began to compile this review in the fall of 2017. The reason being, I had asked a few editors of LENR news sites what they thought of the claims being made by Global Energy Corporation. Each editor asked me to provide any recent follow up to those claims. None that I could find; so I decided to compile this review as a frame of reference for the question: What are your opinions of these claims?” - Greg Goble

Please send edit suggestions or leads for the review. (415) 548-3735 -end editor note

United States Government LENR Energy 2018 is Open Source

This review will be updated as new information becomes available, the URL will remain the same. The most recent edition will always be what you see at Permission is given for anyone to copy and use any part of this review.


United States Government LENR Energy 2018 (review edit 1/30/2018 gbgoble)

1993 Air Force Patent “Method of maximizing anharmonic oscillations in deuterated alloys” US5411654A Filed: Jul. 2, 1993 GRANT issued: Feb. 5, 1995 - Inventors: Brian S. Ahern, Keith H. Johnson, Harry R. Clark Jr. - Assignee: Hydroelectron Ventures Inc, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, US Air Force - This invention was made with U.S. Government support under contract No. F19628-90-C-0002, awarded by the Air Force. The Government has certain rights in this invention.

1996 Air Force Patent (a patent continuation) “Amplification of energetic reactions” US20110233061A1 Inventor: Brian S. Ahern - Filing date: Mar 25, 2011 Publication date: Sep 29, 2011. This invention was made with U.S. Government support under contract No. F19-6528-90-C-0002, awarded by the Air Force. The Government has certain rights in this invention. This application is a continuation of Ser. No. 08/331,007, filed Oct. 28, 1994, now abandoned, which is a division of Ser. No. 08/086,821, filed Jul. 2, 1993, now U.S. Pat. No. 5,411,654


2007 SPAWAR Patent “System and method for generating particles” US8419919B1 Filing: Sep 21, 2007 - Publication: Apr 16, 2013 Assignee: JWK International Corporation, The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy - GRANT Issued: Apr 16, 2013 Inventors: Pamela A. Boss, Frank E. Gordon, Stanislaw Szpak, Lawrence Parker Galloway Forsley

2008 Patent (SPAWAR JWK LENR tech) “A hybrid fusion fast fission reactor” WO2009108331A2 - Publication date: Dec 30, 2009 - Priority date: Feb 25, 2008 Inventors: Lawrence Parker Galloway Forsley, Jay Wook Khim - Applicant: Lawrence Parker Gallow Forsley

2008 DoD Grant (2014 patent publication date) “Deuterium Reactor” US20130235963A1 - Filed: Mar 12, 2012 - Publication date: Sep 12, 2013 Inventor: Pharis Edward Williams Original Assignee: Pharis Edward Williams $25,000 was received in 2008 from NSWC, Indian Head Division, to design experiments, review reports, and analyze data. The experiments verified heating using powdered/granulated fuel. editor note Quote: “As a United States Department of Defense (DoD) Energetics Center, Naval Surface Warfare Center, Indian Head Division is a critical component of the Naval Sea Systems Command (NAVSEA) Warfare Center (WFC) Enterprise. One of the WFC’s nine Divisions, Indian Head’s mission is to research, develop, test, evaluate, and produce energetics and energetic systems for U.S. fighting forces.” It is a 1700-person organization with sites in McAlester, OK; Ogden, UT; Picatinny, NJ and a second site in Indian Head, MD. NSWC IHEODTD has the largest U.S. workforce in the DoD dedicated to energetics and EOD, comprising more than 800 scientists and engineers and 50 active duty military. The business base totals $1.4B. -end note

2009 thru 2010 NASA-LaRC SpaceWorks Contract (applied engineering)
Quote: “SpaceWorks conducted separate vehicle design studies evaluating the potential impact of two advanced propulsion system concepts under consideration by NASA Langley Research Center: The first concept was an expendable multistage rocket vehicle which utilized an advanced Air-Augmented Rocket (AAR) engine. The effect of various rocket thrust augmentation ratios were identified the resulting vehicle design where compared against a traditional expendable rocket concept. The second concept leverage Low Energy Nuclear Reactions (LENR), a new form of energy generation being studied at NASA LaRC, to determine how to utilize an LENR-based propulsion system for space access. For this activity, two LENR-based rocket engine propulsion performance models where developed jointly by SpaceWorks and LaRC personnel.” -end quote See: “SpaceWorks Advanced Concepts Group (ACG) Overview” October 2012 PowerPoint presentation, page 31.

2009 Navy Patent “Excess enthalpy upon pressurization of nanosized metals with deuterium” WO2011041370A1 - Original Assignee: The Government Of The United States Of America, As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy - Inventor: David A. Kidwell - Priority date: Sep 29, 2009 - Publication date: Mar 31, 2011 - GRANT issued: Nov 10, 2015 - The present application claims the benefit of United States Provisional Application Serial No. 61/246,619 by David A. Kidwell, filed September 29, 2009 entitled “ANOMALOUS HEAT GENERATION FROM DEUTERIUM (OR PLATINUM) LOADED NANOPARTICLES.”

2009 November Defense Intelligence Agency (LENR report) DIA-08-0911-003 Technology Forecast: “Worldwide Research on Low-Energy Nuclear Reactions Increasing and Gaining Acceptance” Quote, “LENR power sources could produce the greatest transformation of the battlefield for U.S. forces since the transition from horsepower to gasoline power.” -end quote Prepared by: Beverly Barnhart, DIA/DI, Defense Warning Office. With contributions from: Dr. Patrick McDaniel, University of New Mexico; Dr. Pam Mosier-Boss, U.S. Navy SPAWAR/Pacific; Dr. Michael McKubre, SRI International; Mr. Lawrence Forsley, JWK International; and Dr. Louis DeChiaro, NSWC/Dahlgren. Coordinated with DIA/DRI, CPT, DWO, DOE/IN, US Navy SPAWAR/Pacific and U.S. NSWC/Dahlgren,VA.

2010 Navy Patent (LENR fuel) “Metal nanoparticles with a pre-selected number of atoms” US 8728197 B2 - Original Assignee: The United States Of America, As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy - Inventors: Albert Epshteyn, David A. Kidwell GRANT issued: May 20, 2014

(editor note) E-Cat’s first public demo by Rossi in January 2011


2011 Nov. 2 Fox news
title “Cold Fusion Experiment: Major Success or Complex Hoax?”

2011 Nov. (SPAWAR LENR news) Quote, “On or about Nov. 9, 2011, Rear Admiral Patrick Brady , commander of SPAWAR, ordered SPAWAR researchers to terminate all LENR research.” -end quote A New Energy Times article titled, “Navy Commander Halts SPAWAR LENR Research” by Steven Krivit

2011 NASA Patent “Method for Producing Heavy Electrons” US20110255645A1 Inventor: Joseph M. Zawodny - Publication date: Oct 20, 2011 - Filing date: Mar 24, 2011 Assignee: USA As Represented By The Administrator Of NASA - Pursuant to 35U.S.C. §119, the benefit of priority from U.S. Provisional Patent Application Ser. No. 61/317,379, with a filing date of Mar. 25, 2010, is claimed for this non-provisional application, the contents of which are hereby incorporated by reference in their entirety. The invention was made by an employee of the United States Government and may be manufactured and used by or for the Government of the United States of America for governmental purposes without the payment of any royalties thereon or therefor.


2012 NASA/Boeing Publication (applied engineering) NASA Contract NNL08AA16B – NNL11AA00T “Subsonic Ultra Green Aircraft Research – Phase II N+4 Advanced Concept Development” Pg. 24 -Even though we do not know the specific cost of the LENR itself, we assumed a cost of jet fuel at $4/gallon and weight based aircraft cost. We were able to calculate cost per mile for the LENR equipped aircraft compared to a conventional aircraft (Figure 3.2). Looking at the plots, one could select a point where the projected cost per mile is 33% less than a conventionally powered aircraft (Heat engine > 1 HP/lb & LENR > 3.5 HP/lb).

(editor note) The NASA Working Group Report also makes public the following list of organizations and individuals working on the advanced concept contract:

Marty Bradley, Christopher Droney, Zachary Hoisington, Timothy Allen, Dwaine Cotes, Yueping Guo, Brian Foist, Blaine Rawdon, Sean Wakayama, Emily Dallara, Ed Kowalski, Joe Wa, Ismail Robbana, Sergey Barmichev, Larry Fink, Mithra Sankrithi, Edward White
General Electric
Kurt Murrow, Jeff Hammel, Srini Gowda
Georgia Tech
Michelle Kirby, Hongjun Ran, Teawoo Nam, Jimmy Tai, Chris Perullo
Vermont Tech
Joe Schetz, Rakesh Kapania
Mark Guynn, Erik Olson, Gerald Brown, Larry Leavitt, Richard Wahls, Doug Wells, James Felder, Casey Burley, John Martin
Federal Aviation Administration
Rhett Jeffries, Christopher Sequiera

2012 National Institute of Aeronautics and NASA (applied engineering)
“MPD Augmentation of a Thermal Air Rocket Utilizing Low Energy Nuclear Reactions Roger Lepsch, NASA Langley Research Center; Matt Fischer, National Institute of Aerospace; Christopher Jones, National Institute of Aerospace; Alan Wilhite, National Institute of Aerospace. Presented at the 53rd AIAA/ASME/ASCE/AHS/ASC Structures, Structural Dynamics and Materials Conference, April 26, 2012

2012 Global Energy Corporation news (SPAWAR JWK LENR tech)

“Virginia Firm Offers Nuclear Energy” Jun 2012 - Emmanuel T. Erediano 



“Lawrence P.G. Forsley, vice president for science and technology of Global Energy Corp. (, said their “revolutionary technology” is based on the “new science of hybrid fusion fast fission” green nuclear energy, or “Genie.”

Forsley said he is among the GEC scientists who conducted 23 years of research and development with the U.S. Navy. He said they completed the design of a safe, clean, secure and affordable green hybrid fusion nuclear reactor for commercial uses.


Genie reactors, he said, don’t use a uranium-235 chain reaction. Without a chain reaction, there can’t be a runaway, core meltdown, no explosions initiated by the meltdowns and no radioactive fallout, he added. Genie reactors, Forsley said, don’t have nuclear waste problems.

It doesn’t need a spent fuel pool nor a spent fuel waste storage dump. It “burns” uranium-238 that comprises 95 percent of conventional nuclear waste. Therefore, Genie actually “cleans” nuclear waste, he added.
-end quotes

ALSO “Guam Eyes Clean Nuclear Power”


“We’re generation five,” Dr. Khim (President of Global Energy Corp) told the Variety during an exclusive interview, “and first of all this is a brand new concept.” He said safety is the first consideration, and that cannot be ensured by building higher walls around reactors, as Japan saw last year with Fukushima.

“You have to change the basic science of nuclear power,” Khim explained. “We’ve been working with the U.S. Navy for about 22 years and the basic science phase is now over. Now we’re going into commercial development, which the Navy is not going to do.” But Khim says the science has been repeatedly duplicated by the Navy, and has been proven, recognized and published.

Officials of the Navy on Guam, including Capt. John V. Heckmann Jr., CO of Naval Facilities and a professional engineer, attended the GEC briefing. The GEC board of directors, Khim says, includes some well-known Washington D.C. Players, including former Secretary of Defense Frank Carlucci, former Congressman and Secretary of Transportation Norman Mineta, and former U.S. Congressman Tom Davis, among others.” - end quotes

(editor note) E-Cat’s Ferrara, Italy tests Dec. 2012 and Mar. 2013

2013 Navy Patent (a 2009 patent continuation) “Excess enthalpy upon pressurization of dispersed palladium with hydrogen or deuterium” US9192918B2 Original Assignee: The United States Of America, As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy - Inventors: David A. Kidwell - Filing date: Aug 8, 2013 - GRANT issued: Nov 24, 2015 editor note: see PRIORITY CLAIM) i.e. “All applications listed in this paragraph as well as all other publications and patent documents referred to throughout this nonprovisional application are incorporated herein by reference.” -end note

May 2013 NASA (publication) NASA/TM-2013-217981, L-20240, NF1676L-16305- “Advanced-to-Revolutionary Space Technology Options – The Responsibly Imaginable” Apr 1, 2013 Dennis M. Bushnell - See pg. 13, ‘Low Energy Nuclear Reactions, the Realism and the Outlook’ Quote: “- given the truly massive-to-mind boggling benefits – solutions to climate, energy and the limitations that restrict the NASA Mission areas, all of them. The key to space exploration is energetics. The key to supersonic transports and neighbor-friendly personal fly/drive air vehicles is energetics, as simplex examples of the potential implications of this area of research.” –end quote

2013 Boeing Patent (applied engineering) “Rotational annular airscrew with integrated acoustic arrester” CA2824290A1 Applicant: The Boeing Company, Matthew D. Moore, Kelly L. Boren - Filing date: Aug 16, 2013 - Publication date: May 12, 2014 - “ The contra-rotating forward coaxial electric motor and the contra-rotating aft coaxial electric motor are coupled to at least one energy source. The contra-rotating forward coaxial electric motor and the contra-rotating aft coaxial electric motor may be directly coupled to the at least one energy source, or through various control and/or power distribution circuits. The energy source may comprise, for example, a system to convert chemical, solar or nuclear energy into electricity within or coupled to a volume bearing structure. The energy source may comprise, for example but without limitation, a battery, a fuel cell, a solar cell, an energy harvesting device, low energy nuclear reactor (LENR), a hybrid propulsion system, or other energy source.

(editor note) E-Cat’s Oct. 2014 32 day test in Lugano, Switzerland


2014 Global Energy Corporation Newscasts (SPAWAR JWK LENR tech)

GEC Newscast 1 - New Energy Source
GEC Newcast 2 - US Patent
GEC Newscast 3 - Safety
GEC Newcast 4 - Nuclear Waste
GEC Newscast 5 - Security
GEC Newcast 6 Genie22 - Hybrid Reactor
GEC Newscast 7 National Economics
GEC Newscast 8 Saudi Plan
GEC Newscast 9 Korea Plan
GEC Newscast 10 Genie22 Business Economics
GEC Thorium SMR editor note- (SPAWAR JWK LENR tech)
Global Energy Corporation YouTube Channel





2014 NASA and Cal Tech LENR energy publication (applied engineering ) “Impact of Advanced Energy Technologies on Aircraft Design” Authors: Roger Lepsch - NASA Langley Research Center, Matt Fischer - National Institute of Aerospace, Christopher Jones - National Institute of Aerospace, Alan Wilhite - National Institute of Aerospace; 52nd Aerospace Sciences Meeting, AIAA SciTech, (AIAA 2014-0538) Jan 17, 2014. Quote: “The impact of low energy nuclear reaction (LENR) technology on the design of aircraft is examined. Energy conversion possibilities considered and a Brayton cycle engine with a LENR heat exchanger is selected. Potential aerospace applications of LENR devices are discussed and a high altitude (HALE) unmanned aeriel vehicle with multi-year endurance is conceptualized with primary focus on energy management.” -end quote.

Slide show:

2014 NASA and Georgia Institute of Technology (applied engineering) “The Application of LENR to Synergistic Mission Capabilities” Presented at AIAA AVIATION 2014 Atlanta, GA USA, Douglas P. Wells NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA, Dimitri N. Mavris Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia - Pg. 2 (comparing energetics) LENR 8,000,000 times chemical -Fusion 7,300,000 times chemical - Fission 1,900,000 times chemical.


2014 NASA and Cal Tech Presentation (applied engineering) “Low Energy Nuclear Reaction Aircraft” NASA Aeronautics Research Mission Directorate (ARMD) 2014 Seedling Technical Seminar, February 19–27, 2014.
California Polytechnic State University • Dr. Rob McDonald • Advanced Topics in Aircraft Design course (10wks) • Sponsored Research Project Team
NASA Glenn Research Center • Jim Felder, Chris Snyder
NASA Langley Research Center • Bill Fredericks, Roger Lepsch, John Martin, Mark Moore, Doug Wells, Joe Zawodny

2014 NASA (presentation) “Frontier Aerospace Opportunities”
NASA/TM-2014-218519, L-20449, NF1676L-19426
Dennis M. Bushnell Oct 01, 2014 LENR (pages) 11, 13, 21, 24, 25, and 26.

2015 September Dr. DeChiaro - Branch Q51 NSWC Dahlgren (presentation) IEEE Date: 23 September 2015 Presented by Dr. Louis F. DeChiaro - NSWC Dahlgren and Professor Peter Hagelstein - MIT editor note- DeChiaro Bio.

Quote: “He joined the US Navy as a civilian Physicist in September, 2006 and since 2009 been performing investigations in LENR physics and supporting the EMC efforts of Branch Q51 at the Naval Surface Warfare Center, Dahlgren, VA. During the period 2010-2012 he was on special assignment at the Naval Research Labs, Washington, D.C. in their experimental LENR group. Dr. DeChiaro is a member of Tau Beta Pi.” - end quote -end note
Bios for these speakers are found at:
IEEE presentation title: Low Energy Nuclear Reactions (LENR) Phenomena and Potential Applications”

2016 - May 4th, U.S. House Committee on Armed Services (LENR inquire)
Quote “The committee is aware of recent positive developments in developing low energy nuclear reactions (LENR), which produce ultra clean, low cost renewable energy that have strong national security implications.
...the committee directs the Secretary of Defense to provide a briefing on the military utility of recent U.S. industrial base LENR advancements to the House Committee on Armed Services by September 22, 2016.
See -Low Energy Nuclear Reactions (LENR) Briefing;
“National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017" page 87.

2016 SPAWAR, U. of Austin, U. of New Mexico, and GEC (publication)
Defense Threat Reduction Agency “DTRA: INVESTIGATION OF NANO-NUCLEAR REACTIONS IN CONDENSED MATTER FINAL REPORT” June 2016 Affiliation: US Navy SPAWAR-PAC, Global Energy Corporation, University of New Mexico, University of Austin

2016 NASA Patent “Methods and apparatus for enhanced nuclear reactions” US20170263337A1 Inventors: Vladimir Pines, Marianna Pines, Bruce Steinetz, Arnon Chait, Gustave Fralick, Robert Hendricks, Paul Westmeyer - Current Assignee: NASA Glenn Research Center, Pinesci Consulting - Priority date: 2016-03-09, Application: 2017-09-14. editor note- US20170263337A1 claims that many types of materials are suitable for LENR. - end note

[0082] It should be understood that any material which may be hydrided may be used as the initial material, such as, for example, single-walled or double-walled carbon nanotubes. Double-walled carbon nanotubes in particular have an internal spacing consistent with the lattice spacing of palladium-silver lattices, the usage of which in experiment will be described in detail below.

Alternatively, materials such as silicon, graphene, boron nitride, silicene, molybdenum disulfide or ferritin (editor note: ferritin BIOCHEMISTRY noun: ferritin - a protein produced in mammalian metabolism that serves to store iron in the tissues) may be used, although it should be understood that substantially two-dimensional structures, such as graphene, boron nitride, silicene and molybdenum disulfide are not hydrated similar to their three-dimensional counterparts and may be subjected to a separate process, specifically with the two-dimensional structure being positioned adjacent one of the above materials, as will be described in greater detail below.


Similarly, ferritin and other complex materials may be filled or loaded with hydrogen using methods specific to the particular material properties. In general, the initial material may be any suitable material which is able to readily absorb and or adsorb hydrogen isotopes, such as, for example, metal hydrides (e.g., titanium, scandium, vanadium, chromium, yttrium, niobium, zirconium, palladium, hafnium, tantalum, etc.), lanthanides (e.g., lanthanum, cesium, etc.), actinides (e.g., actinium, thallium, uranium, etc.), ionic hydrides (e.g., lithium, strontium, etc.), covalent hydrides (e.g., gallium, germanium, bismuth, etc.), intermediate hydrides (e.g., beryllium, magnesium, etc.), and select metals known to be active (e.g., nickel, tungsten, rhenium, molybdenum, ruthenium, rhodium, etc.), along with hydrides thereof, as well as alloys with non-hydriding materials (e.g., silver, copper, etc.), suspensions, and combinations thereof. - end quote

(editor note) The patent US20170263337A1 is a LENR patent by a NASA team. This patent’s citations include two patents “Method and apparatus for generating thermal energy” and “Methods of generating energetic particles using nanotubes and articles thereof” which have a classification: G21B3/00 Low temperature nuclear fusion reactors, e.g. alleged cold fusion reactors. Also note the following Glenn Research Center Publication, “Investigation of Deuterium Loaded Materials Subject to X-Ray Exposure” Apr 3, 2017, where US20170263337A1 inventors work with Lawrence P. Forsley of Global Energy Corporation (SPAWAR JWK LENR tech). - end note

2016 NASA Glenn Research Center (LENR tech licensing offer)
editor note-
A search for ‘fusion’ that I did in May of 2016, at the NASA Technology Gateway, yielded this out of Glenn Research Center... “Methods and Apparatus for Enhanced Nuclear Reactions” Reference Number LEW-19366-1. Contact us for information about this technology. NASA Glenn Research Center, Innovation Projects Office -end note

(editor note) E-Cat QX demo held November, 2017 in Stockholm, Sweden.

2017 Global Energy Corporation LENR Update (SPAWAR JWK LENR tech)


Our team of scientists and consultants have solid backgrounds in both technology and business for the development of energy technology. With GEC you get the benefit of experience that’s been acquired year after year, job after job.

While development of NanoStar and Nanomite is ongoing, GEC initial focus is the product development and commercialization of Small Modular Generators (SMG’s) using Hybrid Fusion technology. GEC is currently negotiating several new SMG construction contracts ranging from 250MWe to 5GWe around the world.

After 20 years of R&D and product development, GEC has developed a truly safe, clean and secure atomic energy generator through hybrid fusion-fast-fission Technology. These SMG’s are safe (no chain reaction-no melt down), clean (uses nuclear waste/unenriched U as fuel), and secure (no enrichment and no reprocessing).

2006 - Global Energy Corporation founded

2011 - Subsidiary GEC Global LLC established for development of conventional power plants

2012 - BOT signed to develop and build a 50MWe GEC SMG Power Plant on the island of Saipan

2013 - Patent issued for Technology - end quotes

(editor note) GEC holds the 2008 Patent (SPAWAR JWK LENR tech) “A hybrid fusion fast fission reactor” WO2009108331A2; which is the sister patent of the 2007 SPAWAR patent “System and method for generating particles” US8419919B1 which was granted Apr. 16, 2013; assigned to JWK International Corporation and The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy. -end note


Entities of Interest from
U. S. Government LENR Energy 2018 Review

Inventors, Authors and other Persons of Interest

Brian S. Ahern

Beverly Barnhart - DIA/DI, Defense Warning Office

Michael D. Becks

Theresa L. Benyo - Theresa Benyo currently works at the Structures and Materials Division, NASA. Theresa does research in Plasma Physics, Electromagnetism and Nuclear Physics. Their most recent publication is ‘Experimental Observations of Nuclear Activity in Deuterated Materials Subjected to a Low-Energy Photon Beam.’

Marty K. Bradley

Kelly L. Boren

Pamela A. Boss

Frank Carlucci

Arnon Chait - Arnon Chait, Ph.D. - Head of Med-Tech
Arnon Chait is the co-founder of both ANALIZA, Inc. and Cleveland Diagnostics, and is the President and CEO at AnalizaDx, LLC and Cleveland Diagnostics, Inc. Dr. Chait`s training and experience covers physics, engineering and biosciences, concentrating on interdisciplinary research for over two decades. Dr. Chait was the founder of an advanced interdisciplinary lab at NASA, and has held several academic positions at leading universities, including Tufts and Case Western Reserve University. He has extensively published in multiple fields, and is the holder of over a dozen of patents and multiple international patent applications. Arnon has been the co-founder of two additional companies in the fields of structural genomics (IP sold to Fluidigm) and opto-electronics. Also see: Dr Arnon Chait, CEO of Cleveland Diagnostics CDx - Also: Arnon Chait NASA on YouTube


Harry R. Clark Jr.

Christopher C. Daniels Also:

Tom Davis

Dr. Louis F. DeChiaro (see bio speakers)

Christopher K. Droney - Configuration Synthesis Manager. Boeing, News article “SUGAR sweetens the deal with Phase 3 results, Phase 4 underway” by Christopher Droney

Albert Epshteyn

Matt Fischer - NIA Graduate (see year 2012) University/Date: Georgia Tech/May 2012 Degree/Advisor: M.S., Aerospace Engineering, Dr. Alan Wilhite. Present Position: Boeing, Alabama - Thesis Topic: “Magnetohydrodynamic Acceleration of a Thermal Air Rocket Utilizing Low Energy Nuclear Reactions”

Gustave Fralick

Lawrence Parker Galloway Forsley also

Frank E. Gordon

Prof. Peter Hagelstein - MIT Also see bio - speakers:

Capt. John V. Heckmann Jr. (editors note) This news, “Lynch to Move on to NAVFAC Pacific; Heckmann to Assume Command of NAVFAC Marianas” - By Pacific News Center - July 14, 2011 Quote “An official change of Command Ceremony is slated for next Wednesday at 10 am at the Big Screen Theater on Naval Base Guam. At that “time-honored Navy tradition” Captain Lynch will render his command to the new NAVFAC Marianas Commander, Captain John V. Heckmann Jr. Heckmann is coming to Guam from Norfolk, Virginia where he served as the executive officer for NAVFAC Mid-Atlantic.” - end quote

Robert C. Hendricks

Keith H. Johnson - MIT Also: MIT News, Scientist/Screenwriter, Professor Leads Double Life March 11, 1992. Also this from 2012,
Cold Fusion Returns to MIT, by Eugene Mallove Also:

Christopher A. Jones - NASA Langley Research Center Also: Sponsor, Non-Voting Member of RASC-AL; The Revolutionary Aerospace Systems Concepts – Academic Linkages (RASC-AL) is managed by the National Institute of Aerospace on behalf of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
Bio: Dr. Christopher Jones works in the Space Mission Analysis Branch at NASA’s Langley Research Center in Hampton, VA. His current work includes strategic analysis of space technology investments, applications of in-space assembly to Mars exploration, and mission design for an Earth Science satellite. His previous work includes leading development of a Venus atmospheric exploration concept, performing trajectory analysis in support of future NASA missions, and modeling in-situ resource utilization architectures for the Moon and Mars. He obtained his Masters and Ph.D. in aerospace engineering from Georgia Tech in 2009 and 2016, respectively, and his Bachelors in mechanical engineering from the University of South Carolina in 2007.

Tracy R. Kamm

Jay Wook Khim

David A. Kidwell

Roger Lepsch - Aerospace Technologist, Vehicle Analysis Branch, Systems Analysis and Concepts Directorate, NASA Langley.

Richard E. Martin Also:

Dimitri N. Mavris - Regents Professor, Boeing Professor of Advanced Aerospace Systems Analysis, & Langley Distinguished Professor in Advanced Aerospace Systems Architecture

Dr. Michael McKubre

Matthew D. Moore

Norman Mineta

Nicholas Penney

Marianna Pines

Vladimir Pines

Bruce M. Steinetz

Stanislaw Szpak

Douglas P. Wells - Low Energy Nuclear Reaction Aircraft Investigator NASA Langley Research Center

Paul Westmeyer

Alan Wilhite - News title “AE salutes Prof. Alan Wilhite” Dec. 10, 2014" The faculty and staff of the School of Aerospace Engineering gave a spirited send-off to Dr. Alan Wilhite who officially retired from his positions at Georgia Tech and NASA.

Pharis Edward Williams

Joseph M. Zawodny

also... the SUGAR team

Marty Bradley, Christopher Droney, Zachary Hoisington, Timothy Allen, Dwaine Cotes, Yueping Guo, Brian Foist, Blaine Rawdon, Sean Wakayama, Emily Dallara, Ed Kowalski, Joe Wa, Ismail Robbana, Sergey Barmichev, Larry Fink, Mithra Sankrithi, Edward White
General Electric
Kurt Murrow, Jeff Hammel, Srini Gowda
Georgia Tech
Michelle Kirby, Hongjun Ran, Teawoo Nam, Jimmy Tai, Chris Perullo
Vermont Tech
Joe Schetz, Rakesh Kapania
Mark Guynn, Erik Olson, Gerald Brown, Larry Leavitt, Richard Wahls, Doug Wells, James Felder, Casey Burley, John Martin
Federal Aviation Administration
Rhett Jeffries, Christopher Sequiera


Companies of Interest

PineSci Consulting

Ohio Aerospace Institute - The Ohio Aerospace Institute (OAI) is a non-profit organization that enhances the aerospace competitiveness of its corporate, federal agency, non-profit and university members through research and technology development, workforce preparedness and engagement with networks for innovation.

Vantage Partners, LLC - Vantage Partners, LLC provides aero-engineering and information technology solutions. Its engineering solutions include electrical, mechanical, software, and systems. The company was incorporated in 2008 and is based in Lanham, Maryland. Vantage Partners, LLC operates as a joint venture between Stinger Ghaffarian Technologies, Inc. and Vantage Systems, Inc.

JWK International Corporation

Global Energy Corporation

Hydroelectron Ventures Inc

Spaceworks Enterprises Inc.

National Institute of Aerospace (NIA)


General Electric

American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA)


Universities of Interest

The University of Akron

Cleveland State University

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Georgia Tech (Georgia Institute of Technology)

Vermont Technical College

Cal Poly San Luis Obispo - California State University

University of Alabama


U.S. Agencies and Labs of Interest

United States Department of Defense (DoD)

Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA)

Naval Sea Systems Command (NAVSEA) Energetics Center Indian Head

Naval Surface Warfare Center, Dahlgren Division (NSWCDD

Naval Surface Warfare Center, Indian Head Division

NASA Langley Research Center

Federal Aviation Administration

NASA Glenn Research Center -editor note- A search for ‘fusion’ out of the NASA Technology Gateway yields this out of Glenn Research Center... “Methods and Apparatus for Enhanced Nuclear Reactions” Reference Number LEW-19366-1 Contact us for information about this technology NASA Glenn Research Center Innovation Projects Office -end note

Space and Naval Warfare Systems Command (SPAWAR)


Recommended Reading

2016 March 19 article by Greg Goble
title “LENR NRNF Low Energy Nuclear Reaction NonRadioactive Nuclear Flight US and EU Applied Engineering”